Week 6 Lecture

17 views2 pages
Published on 8 Oct 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCB44H3
Professor
Chicago School of Urban Sociology
- pre-industrial times (20’s)
- divide cities into schools of research
- was very active, was very influential in first three decades of 20th century
- “Chicago” because similar to population growth in Europe during industrial revolution starting
in beginning of 20th century
- Chicago was relatively small, regional city at the edge between West and mid-West
- starting from 20th century, population growth grew from 100,000 to 4 million (huge amount of
growth)
- came from: 1) migration and 2) immigration
- huge amount of immigration in 20th century, people who came exclusively from central and
south of Europe (i.e. Italy and Poland)
- most of these immigrants did not come from European cities but from countryside (farms)
-rural to urban
- people who never lived in cities before, and came by ship uncomfortably and landed in New
York
- many claims of social disorganization and deviance were wrongly attributed, result of being on
small farm on one day and being on city of a million the next day
- migration – rural to urban
- people who lived in small towns of Midwestern US, hopped on trains and landed in Chicago
- Chicago served as economic function because of where it is located
- a time in which American West is settled
- involved cattle-ranging; when cattle reached maturity, would ship them to markets (Chicago)
and become steak, meat, etc.
- West opened up to grain farming, turned grain into flour
- represented kind of huge natural social laboratory
- quite innovative in terms of data sources
- wrote letters to communicate with people who were left behind
- also used life histories
- two studies in Chicago School: 1) ethnographic/neighbourhood studies, 2) human ecology
- ethnography – kind of research/methodological approach which comes out of anthropology
- anthropology: amazon, rainforest, living in village, interacting and observing social tribes, etc.
- ethnography uses statistics
- human ecology – Park was inspired by field of biology (of plants and animals)
- human ecology approach was unsuccessful
Robert Park (1864-1944) – someone who painted sociology in mid-career
- was a journalist and got PhD in German University
- brought back ideas forming sociology
- what he did was influential
- convinced to take position in University of Chicago
- wrote influential essay called “The City” (1916) – set out the kind of manual for colleagues
and students to study city
- challenged students and colleagues to go out to study city and urban life first-hand
- advantage: in addition to doing ethnographic research, they were able to work from extensive
official records/statistics from justice system (e.g. juvenile crime report systems)
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Was very active, was very influential in first three decades of 20th century. Chicago because similar to population growth in europe during industrial revolution starting in beginning of 20th century. Chicago was relatively small, regional city at the edge between west and mid-west. Starting from 20th century, population growth grew from 100,000 to 4 million (huge amount of growth) Came from: 1) migration and 2) immigration. Huge amount of immigration in 20th century, people who came exclusively from central and south of europe (i. e. italy and poland) Most of these immigrants did not come from european cities but from countryside (farms) People who never lived in cities before, and came by ship uncomfortably and landed in new. Many claims of social disorganization and deviance were wrongly attributed, result of being on small farm on one day and being on city of a million the next day.