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Week 9 Lecture

Course Code
John Hannigan

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- majority didn’t live in suburbs
- urbanized from farmland
- suburbanization is relatively recent in nature
- some suburbs existed prior to end of WWII
- up until transportation era, it was a long way from suburbs to cities
-streetcar suburbs = because the streetcar was major means of transportation back in 1920’s
and 30’s, when they extended streetcar routes, they would build housing along streetcar
extension outwards, thus housing price is based on proximity to transportation
- when mass production of cars kicked in, produced highways and gave boost to suburban growth
- suburban growth also due to annexation = city annexes formally independent towns and
politically makes it a city itself, so city itself grows largely
- in recent years, suburban growth has continued at rapid pace around Toronto
-GTA (Greater Toronto Area) = includes both Toronto and its suburbs and even further out
-Golden Horseshoe = area all the way from Oshawa to Niagara Falls, golden horseshoe has
been expanding in recent years due to commuting
- these days, growth has grown even further (i.e. West: Guelph, Kitchener, Waterloo; East:
Oshawa, Bowmanville, Barrie)
-inner city has become gentrified, housing pricing has gone up (million-dollar property)
- inner city is not problem area
-inner suburbs = e.g. Scarborough, North York
- inner suburbs have most social and economic problems
-United Way looked at poverty, unemployment, crime, and discovered areas that had most
trouble were inner suburbs
- in recent years, these areas are targets for improvement programs
-outer contiguous (adjoining) suburbs = Toronto, Etobicoke, North York, Mississauga
- all kinds of growth happening in York Region (i.e. Newmarket, Aurora)
- we are within the boundary between Toronto and Durham region (Pickering, Ajax, Whitby,
Oshawa, Bowmanville, etc.)
- huge growth in Vancouver (e.g. Richmond)
- Alberta, Calgary, and Saskatchewan are growing
-suburbanized town = suburban area that used to be separate town of its own downtown;
separate little town is still there but all around it is suburban growth (e.g. Markham, Oakville,
Brampton that used to be a classic small city within its own orbit to west of Toronto)
- premier of province back in 1960s 1970s lived in Brampton and used to commute everyday to
legislature in Toronto
- Brampton: has suburban growth found in jurisdiction of suburban growth (Bramalea)
- suburbanized town has core, which is the original suburbanized town (e.g. Whitby, Ajax)
-new suburb = does not have a core
Physical Structure/Aspects of Suburbs
- starting in 1950-1980, this is the period of incredible suburban growth and suburban expansion
in North America
- few reasons: WWII
-1939-1945 (WWII), during this period, there was very little new housing built in North
America because most resources went into warfare (e.g. weapons)
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