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SOCB44H3 Lecture Notes - Barn Raising, Family Law, Urban Sociology

Course Code
John Hannigan

of 3
SOCB44: October 22, 2012
- readings for today’s class pp. 12-132
- readings for next week’s class: pp. 132 – 148
- next week to get the midterm?
- Assignment = DUE DECEMBER 3 (See handout)
Urban VS suburban now rather than rural VS urban before
- simmel? See below
1846 to 1921 - European tradition
- Nucleus for the American urban sociology
- Sociology was born in Europe?
- About societies in general not just cities
Sought to explain the great transformation wrought by urbanization and
- marx, Durkheim, etc.
- urbanization and industrialization went hand in hand
- not really the case in the “south” or 3rd world countries
- Toennies ?
Gemeinschaft VS Gesellschaft
- 1887
- two contrasting social life
- gemeinschaft = community; new rural way of life
- gesellschaft = association; new urban way of life
- ^ ideal types
o taken real life examples and purify them to take them and associate
them with each other
o comparisons with each other used in sociology
o how are you? Gemeinschaft = someone will stop and ask you this VS
gesellschaft = two of you will pass by and ignore each other
‘What do you want?’
- selling you something, religion/solicitation, drugs and sex,
mental health patients, etc. most likely you are trying to get
away of them
- person is likely to be a stranger
unlike in Gemeinschaft being friendly
- it is the norm and it would be rude/anti-social if you ignore
them and
- you are likely to know the other person
- Gemeinschaft (GM) = sense of communalism
o responsibility to assist your neighbor and vice versa
e.g. barn raising VS insurance companies in gesellschaft
o tightly knit ethnic community
o community will impose the norms and if you try to be an individual, it
will shun you.
Individuals will not shine in particular in a gemeinschaft
o Family and kin are revolved around them
Money lending not from the bank but your family will provide
the capital
Family law = family rules that count (e.g. marriage, inheritance
of land)
o marriages are alliances between families
- gesellschaft (GS) = more rational and more calculating
o more money oriented simmel
o growth of individualism
o looking after yourself e.g. self-help books
o basic things are reduced into notion of financial transactions
even dying, you have to pay for it funeral, burial, etc.
financial advisors and brokers
e.g. insurance
o money lending from the bank
o rules are laid down by the state
marriage, separation or divorce
o marriages are based more on individualism
o media as part of social control
e.g. bullying as part of major topic, as decided by media
Summary of Social characteristic of GM and GS:
Dominant and relationships Fellowship (monetary) exchange
Kinship rational
Neighborhood calculation
Central Institutions Family Low state
Extended kin group capitalist economy
Type of Social Control religion legislation
Mores public opinion
Georg Simmel
o Prominent German sociologist
o More concerned with social psychology and the idea that we have
distinct urban personality
o Metropolis and Mental Life (1903)
Metropolitan personality
Intensification of nervous stimuli
Life in the large cities = feeling of overwhelm
How to cope with this overwhelming feeling? People
end up having this distinct urban personality/
metropolitan personality
E.g. Berlin, NYC
Blase Attitude or metropolitan personality
You learn to cope by the essence of developing this
You develop an impersonal outlook and you are able to cope
with this urban stimulation
o Sense of segmentalizing between your public and private personality
Line begins to blur between two personalities
o money as arbitrary of everything
money directs everything
everything’s cost is monetary cost