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Lecture 7

SOCB50H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Howard S. Becker, Emily Murphy, Chinese Canadians


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCB50H3
Professor
Joe Hermer
Lecture
7

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-grass
-types of people
-official truths
-marijuana has a special place in regulation because it is adaptable as a moralizing
vehicle
-it can be attached to one group of people out of the mainstream who are considered
deviant. it can easily be applied and adapted to another group of people
-ex. youth culture, young women
-historically, women have been constructed along the pole of pure, innocent, carriers of
the life blood so they need to be protected, etc. but then the other pole is a whore,
sexually lose, and etc.
-the femme fatale fits in between the two groups
-hippies, the country was being literally ripped apart by the vietnam war
-hippies and young people and the violence was a failure. people could see war on tv
-the country was on edge
-before hippies, it was attached to communist
-you could start from the very beginning of mexicans, and then any possible deviant
groups that didn’t fit in, they threatened norms
-marijuana was a sort of object, that could be stuck to them for a while. demonize them
to be deviant
-ronald and nixon, they would just stand up and lie, marijana is a threat to america
it didn’t matter what the scientific data said
-and george bush put that in place as well
-marijuana is a moralizing vehicle for poltiics and regulations
-marijuana is the most successful object used to regulate different type of people
-it does show how symbolic politics show and how media works, and how this fear can
work when pitched in a certain type way
-why were these campaigns so effective?
-why is it historically, why is it that marijuana was such a great object to regulate
people?
-howard becker
-becoming a marijuana user
-does not start from the assumption that certain traits cause devaince- marijuana
smoking
-instead studies the sequence of changes of attitude and behavior which lead to the
use of marihauna for please
-ppl who did marijuana, they are the type of people who
-he studied the sequence of change and attitudes that lead to the use of marijauana
-how is it that people wnet to or was socialized into miarjiana?
-people are just preexposed to do it
-he suggested 3 reasons and stages:
1. learns to smoke it in a way that produces real effects

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-people had to smoke it in a way that produce real effects
-you have to learn how much marijuana or the substance you actually need
-you need to understand the technique for rolling the joint, what the right amount is
-you also need to learn how to smoke it
-you don’t smoke marijuana like a cigarette, he points that out
-you need to learn from someone else
-so you need to learn in a certain way that produces the real effects
2. learns to recognize the effects and connect them with drug use
3. marijuana needs to learn and enjoy the feeling they percieve is enjoyable
they don’t first intially see the experience as pleasure
but socially, later, they see that it is a enjoyable moment to socialize with other people
becker showed a micro.. of how the please of marijuana is constructed socially
why is marijuana such a successful object of regulation? it is a deeply socialize activitiy
that involes group of peoples
marijuana is a social drug
it is a relationable experience with other people
that is very powerful for the police, the regulaters, the politics, because they can point to
groups of people. it is a classic sort of technique or strategy or regulation. powerful
projects where groups of people are included.
if one hippie smokes marijuana, then other group of hippies do marijauana
-becker’s article reminds us , pleasure is socially constrcuted to the extent that we learn
what is pleasurable through social and cultural norms
-some things are pleasurable, some things to do with our bodies
-but some of the thigns that wee see as pleasuable or desireable are things that we
learn are pleasurable and desirable
-pleasure as a social experience is something that is much more infleunce in social
relationship and how we are socialized and the interpretation of how we thing and
becker reminds us of that
-some cultures see it as disgusting, some cultures sees it as pleasurable
-generally speaking, pleasure is socially constructed much like eveyrthing else in life
-secondly, pleasure is a learned experience
-pleasure and desire can be often be dangerous to what mainstream norms are or
mainstream appearance are.. ex. of that is sex
-what are the origins of drug regulations of canada?
-start of racism and the complicated character of american politics of immigration like
mexico
-the first drug line was in 109
-the opium act of 1908 (banned all crude opium powedered opium and opium prepared
for smoking)
1. the climate of moral reform
2. influence of the international opium movement
3. racial hostility
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-opium at that time was not an uncommon substance, not some kind of underground
substance
-opium was a quite common part of society which was often used most openly in
society
-you could buy them off the counter
-sherlocke holmes was a drug addict in opium. it was not uncommon
-opium, just liek cocaine, was not an uncommon drug becasue of its sort of qualities
-climate of moral reform
-at that time, there was a flowering of reformed movements
-including the eugenics movement
-that had a deep concern of the moral state of the nation which was almost always
racialized over the concerns of foreigners coming over and destorying the pure blood
and economy of real canadians
-out west, the reformed movement had a edge to them, reformed influened more
reactions
-working in lumber mills, and candy facotriies, on the rail roads, about drinking or
grmabling about prosititution
-there was a overly masculine environemnt, it was a rush for working class men to
come and work, essentially, it was a later feminist movement of emily murphy for ex who
was huge support of this movement at this time like eugenics
-threat to middle class but also a threat to workers themselves with which cheap labor
they depended on. one of them was opium
-along with the restriction of drugs, gabling, etc. it was also an anti-opium movement
-very interestingly, there was a great concern at that time was cigarreetes
-cigarreetes seem like danger too. they felt that cigarattte destructed young people and
women
-in britich columbia, they passed down a law in the early 1900s, restricted seeling
cigareetes from children under 16
-even cigareetes, the moral atmpopshere about substance, even cigareetes was
connected with the morality of yougng people
-the ifnleunce of the itnernational opium movement
-if was a really closed colonial project to restrict opium exports
-this was a huge global trade in opium where chinese illegallly traded with the british
empire
-the third reason was about the relation of hostility
-that was the real growing of reacist ani-chiense movement in british columbia starting
in the 1870s and the 1880s
-the first set of chinese arrived in bc in 1858
-in the 1960s and 70s, many of them got jobs makign less than their white counterparts
-it was really in the beginning of the building of when the cpr started that a large
number of the chiense came into the country as part of cheap albor
-
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