SOCB50H3 Lecture Notes - Symbolic Interactionism, Randall Collins, Intelligence Quotient

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9 May 2012
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SocioNotes | Chapter 17
1
Chapter 17: Education
The Riot in St. Leonard
Recognized as a turning point in Quebec history
Bill 101: makes French the language of public administration
o Children of immigrants will receive education is French
Allophones: children w/ neither English nor French backgrounds
Schools:
Teach students a common culture that forms a framework for social life
Access to what type of schools is starting point for sorting children into adult jobs &social classes
Place where societies endow future generations w/ the key capacities of
o Communication
o Coordination
o Economic productivity
2 tasks: 1.) homogenizing- by enforcing common standards
o 2.) sorting
Mass Schooling: tied to industrialization & to maintaining a productive economy
More education ensures better treatment in the labour markets
Mass Education: An Overview
Education system is 2nd in importance [after family] as an agent of socialization
A century ago, most ppl never attended school
Elementary schools → primary schools
Highs schools → secondary schools
Universities → post-secondary institutions
More than half of 19yr olds in Canada were enrolled in either college or uni
Universal mass education: recent phenomenon, limited to wealthy countries
Uniform Socialization
Creating systems of education that had sufficient resources to include all children
Religious training was never widely available
These forms of instruction were replaced by a centralized & rationalized system
Diversity among families gradually gave way to a common culture
In Canada, before there were separate school systems for Catholics & Protestants
Today, post secondary institution makes no distinction in admissions
Thus, students can now take higher education [edu in dffrnt country]
Effective mass education was achieved through laws that made attendance compulsory
94% in public schooling, 5% private schooling, 1% home schooling
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SocioNotes | Chapter 17
2
Rising Levels of Education
Amount of edu ppl receive has risen steadily, still rising
% of ppl with uni degree was 7 times higher in 2001 than in 1951.
Education is now popular, especially among parents
WHY? B/c education is perhaps the most visible option for improving employment opportunities
Barriers such as financial, motivational, & academic performance limit how far students can go
Educational Attainment: # of yrs of schooling completed for, or degrees earned
Educational Achievement: learning/skills, valuable knowledge that an individual acquires and it
is what grades reflect
Attainment differs from achievement b/c whether an individual goes on to complete another yr
of school involves selection
o Selection reflects various influences
some drop out after admission
some fail to take additional courses
o selection may turn purely on individual educational achievements
family background plays an imp role in rates of completion of advanced education
Individual Advantages & Disadvantages
Greater edu is effective for securing more employment & higher earnings
As educational attainment ↑, earning prospect ↑, unemployment rate ↓
Rise of Mass Schooling
Spread of Mass Schooling b/c of:
1. Development of Printing Press:
a. books were expensive when scribed were the only source
b. Printing press lead to fall in price, explosion in numbers!
c. Cheap books fostered demand for schools to teach children the art of reading
2. Protestantism:
a. education of priests was primary motivation for foundation of universities
b. Ppl needed education to read the Bible
3. Spread of Democracy:
a. Led to free education for all children, tax-supported schools rose
4. Industrialism:
a. Education recognized as absolute necessity for creating an industrial economy
b. Historians assess literacy by counting the rate at which ppl signed marriage registers
with a name and not merely an X or another mark
c. Germany had finest universities known for research in the sciences
d. Other countries later copied German universities
e. Universally acknowledged that 1st step to achieve productive economy is to create mass
education system
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