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Lecture 2

SOCB54 Lecture 2: SOCB54H3 – Lecture 2.docx


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCB54H3
Professor
Julian Tanner
Lecture
2

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SOCB54H3 – Lecture 2 09/09/2014
The major changes an era goes through are referred to as Revolutions
When talking about industrial revolutions we are talking about the changes from futilism to industrial
societies.
During the feudal eras, most worked as farmers, specifically in the agricultural sectors, primarily as
peasants
They lived on crops that they grew, and the animals they hunted
The land that they worked weren’t theirs. They were agricultural laborers.
The rent that was being paid was just a part of the larger amount of the agricultural product.
What initiated the change?
The land owners, people who through the subsistence, used the land to grow crops changed the
predominant form of land use from producing crops to something else was necessitated by the textile
industry.
Around about 18th century, the manufacture of cloth was beginning to develop.
More specifically the use of wool.
This meant that there were no more agricultural work for the subsistence of farmers. So they made the
great movement to industrial towns and cities, in factories. This movement of labor and areas is referred to
as the rural population.
People started gravitating to where jobs were being offered, more particularly in the towns and cities.
Rural agriculture laborers were rapidly turned into the factory workers. Where they worked alongside factory
technology, working long hours, fairly dismal conditions, where for the first time became wage laborers. This
was the beginning of INDUSTRIAL CAPITALISM
The timing of this transition is important because in Canada the Industrial Revolution occurred much later
from the US and England.
This is because Canada was a British colony, and the important concept was that the raw materials
extracted from Canadian soil and mines had to go back to England for their system.
The Canadian manufacturing system was not strong in Canada as it was in other countries such as
England and the US
What are the characteristics of the second industrial revolution?
Once it becomes a producer of wealth for societies what we start to see is some of the manufacturing
societies consolidating.
We see larger manufacturing sectors overpowering smaller manufacturing firms.
Another characteristic is that the division of labour expanded. More jobs were being broken up into smaller
and smaller components.
Division of labour: characteristics work in all societies. It is associated with increased productivity and
efficiency
Henry Ford created a highly specialized labour force for manufacture automobiles.
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