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Lecture 7

Lecture 7: Masculinities

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Vanina Sztainbok

SOCB22 – Lecture 7 (Feb. 28 2013) Key Concepts  Multiple Masculinities  Relationality  Hegemonic Masculinity Video: Backlash Against Men?  Idea that men are becoming more like women. R.W. Connell  Gender Hierarchy maintained through: o Discourses/ideologies o Institutions o Practices  How does gender structure social practice? o How everyday practices are gendered. o Example: violence being gendered  How does gender intersect with other social categories (race, class) in structuring practice?  How are institutions gendered? o The state is a masculine institution. To say this is not to imply that the personalities of top male office-holders somehow seep through and stain the institution, it is to say something much stronger: that state organizational practices are structured in relation to the reproductive arena. The overwhelming majority of top office holders are men because there is a gender configuring of recruitment and promotion, a gender configuring of the internal division of labour and systems of control, a gender configuring of policymaking, practical routines, and ways of mobilizing pleasure and consent. o How ideas of masculinity are embedded into institutions, in ways that are not easily seen. Evidence of gender hierarchy  Economic o Wages and salary gaps  Violence against women  Violence against aboriginal women  Representation o Example: Women’s appearances at the Oscar and the attention it receives, vs men.  Positions of authority/who commands authority  Education o Seen as a problem that young women are wanting/seeking higher levels of education. BUT this education isn’t necessarily decreasing the income gap.  Family/household o More of an individual issue o Men are starting to do more housework in general than before. But statistics show that women are still doing more than in the past. o As the woman’s wage increases, they do less housework. But then eventually ends up doing more. More likely to pay other women to do the housework.  Division of labour (production relations)  Politics of desire o Ideas of relationships (consensual or coercive). Connection between heterosexuality and male dominance. Statscan 2005  Women still do most of the housework and tend to feel more time-stressed than men do. But now more men are juggling household chores and paid work duties, while women are spending more time at the office, according to a new time-use study. Male Privilege Checklist by B. Deutsch Critical Questions  Which men can expect little violence in their lives? o Male privilege is not equal.  Which men can expect economic well-being?  Which men are represented in positions of power? Connell  Hegemonic Masculinity o At any given time, one form of masculinity rather than othe
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