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Lecture 8

Lecture 8: Women, Race, Class, and Nation.

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Vanina Sztainbok

SOCB22 – Lecture 8 (March 4) Gender: Interlocking Relations  “This „interlocking‟ effect means that the systems of oppression come into existence in and through one another so that class exploitation could not be accomplished without gender and racial hierarchies; imperialism could not function without class exploitation, sexism, heterosexism, and so on.” -- Razack Key Ideas  Intersectionality: women, race and nation o Constructs womanhood are central to defining cultural groups, races, and nations  Relationality o Meanings of femininity and masculinity are shaped in relation to each other o Not just that males typically dominate. There are different types of femininities that are in a hierarchy. o How one category gains meaning through another. o “The „unfitness‟ of working-class Black mothers as qualified to pass on national culture has been constructed in opposition to the „fitness‟ of middle-class White women.…Because Black women are „unfit‟ mothers they become „undeserving‟ of the benefits of belonging to the American national family.” – Collins  An ideology played out in policies and practices.  Example: Depiction of black single mothers in the media.  Can be seen in the lack of support and childcare available to single parents.  Impact o Dominant ideologies of femininity (and masculinity) have impact on policies, actions, and structures. o How if affects social policy. Woman, Race, Class, and Nation  “In the United States, notions of motherhood influence definitions of American national identity. Just as mothers are important to family well-being, ideas about motherhood remain central to constructing both the citizenship rights of diverse groups of women and American social policy.” -- Collins Mothers of the Nation – Patricia Hill Collins  Key Questions: o How are notions of ideal motherhood framed in terms of who is seen as desirable to reproduce the nations?  White middle-class seen as desirable. Families with two parents. Have money.  Gendered, raced.  Women of colour are less ideal. o How are these notions based on race and class? o Who is not consid
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