SOCB22 – Lecture 9 (March 11)
Homophobia and Transphobia in Schools in Canada
70% of all participating students, LGBTQ and non-LGBTQ,
reported hearing expressions such as “that‟s so gay”,
everyday in school and almost half (48%) reported hearing
remarks such as "faggot," "lezbo," and "dyke" every day in
o Almost 10% of LGBTQ students reported having heard
homophobic comments from teachers daily or weekly
(17% of trans students; 10% of female sexual minority
students; and 8% of male sexual minority students).
Even more LGBTQ students reported that they had
heard teachers use negative gender-related or trans-
phobic comments daily or weekly: 23% of trans
students; 15% of male sexual minority students; and
12% of female sexual minority students.
o Hardly any LGBTQ students reported that they never
heard homophobic comments from other students (1%
of trans students; 2% of female sexual minority
students; 4% of male sexual minority students).
o This suggests that if you are a sexual minority student
in a Canadian school, it is highly likely that you will hear
insulting things about your sexual orientation
o More than one in five (21%) LGBTQ students reported
being physically harassed or assaulted due to their
sexual orientation. 20% of LGBTQ students and almost
10% of non-LGBTQ students reported being physically
harassed or assaulted about their perceived sexual
orientation or gender identity.
o 37% of trans students, 21% of sexual minority
students, and 10% of non-LGBTQ students reported
being physically harassed or assaulted because of their
o Over a quarter (27%) of youth with LGBTQ parents
reported being physically harassed about the sexual
orientation of their parents. They are also more likely
than their peers to be physically harassed or assaulted
in connection with their own gender expression (30%
versus 13% of other students), perceived sexual
orientation or gender identity (27% versus 12%),
gender (25% versus 10%), and sexual orientation
(25% versus 11%). Safety
o Almost two thirds (64%) of LGBTQ students and 61% of
students with LGBTQ parents reported that they feel
unsafe at school.
Judith Butler on Gender and Sexuality
What do you think motivates violence against LGBTQ folks
and folks whose gender is ambivalent?
o Religious beliefs and interpretations
o Lack of understanding
o Historical Contexts: people who were outside of the
norms were often targeted.
“Either with us or against us” – George Bush.
o Patriarchal Societies: Trying to assert masculinity.
Masculinity Defined in 14 Seconds
Brings up the concept that gender and masculinity is defined