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SOCB22H3 (48)
Lecture 6

Week 6 reading notes

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCB22H3
Professor
Ping- Chun Hsiung
Semester
Fall

Description
SOCB22-Week 5: The Second Shift: Emploe yd Women a re putting in Another Day of Work at Home: - Problems betweencouples, proble ms that seem un ique or marital, are often the indivial ripples of powerful eonomic andcultural shock wav es. - Quarrels between hu sbands and wives in households acrossthe nation resultmainly from a friction between faster changing women and so lwer changni g men. - Most workplaces ha ve remained inflexible in the fe of the changing needs of workers with families, and most men haveyet to really adaptto the changes inwomen. - The writer, calls e strain caused by the disparit between the change in w omen and the absence of changeelsewhere the s talled revolution. - Over the past 30 yeasr in the US, more andmore women ha ve begun towork outside the home, and more have dv iorced. - Whether they w ere traditional or more egalitrian in their rtionship, coupleswere happier when the men did a siz able shareof housework and c hildcare. - 2ndmost common reasonwomen cited for wan ting to divorce-after mental cruelty-was their husbands neglectof home or childe r n. - A happy marriage issupported by acouples beingeconomicaly l secure, by teir enjoying a supportive community, and by theirhaving compatibe l needs and value s. - In the era of the stald revolution,one way to mak e housework andchild caremore valued is for men to share inthat work. - Adding together thetime it takes to do a job and to o housework and usn ig major studies,the author found that wo men put in 15 more hours eachweek than men. - Over the year, they worked anextra month of 2 4 hour days. Over a dozen years, it was anextra year of 24 hour days. - Most women with out children spendmuch more time thanmen on housew ork. - Women with childrendevote more tm i e to both housew ork and child care. - Just as there is a wae gap betweenmen and womenn i the workplace,there is a leisuregap between them at h ome. - The research interveiwed 52 couples. - Men who shared theload at home seemed just a s pressed for ti e as their wives,andastorn between the de mands of career and small children. - Of the men survey ed, majority of themdid not share ht e load at home. - Even when husbands ha ppily sharedthe work, their wvies felt more responsible for home and children. - Even when couplesmore equitably share the wok r at home,women do two third s of the daily jobs at home, such ascooking and cleann ig-jobs that fix thm into a rigid routine. N Women do more childcae r than men, andmen repair more h ousehold appliance s.A child needs to be tendeddaily, whereas thee rpair of householdappliances canoften wait. N Men thus have moe r control over wh en they make th eir contributionsthan women. www.notesolution.com
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