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Canada (494,530)
Sociology (2,417)
SOCB26H3 (75)

Week 7 Lecture

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Julian Tanner

Educational inequality among studentsHas equality of opportunity been achieved in schoolsDo people attain educationallydo they succeed in school regardless of their social statusbackgroundFunctionalists would give positive answer to this educational system is affording educational opportunityConflict theorists would say otherwiseTraditionally when the question of equality of education opportunity is asked the issues have evolved around social classthe original factorThe arguments have extended about race and gender as wellDoes social background class gender and raceethnicity matter for educational successConsiderable and consistent evidence that educational attainment is linked to parental SES social classOver the last several decades what you find is that increasingly as time is progressed large numbers of young people have achieved some level of educational attainmentMore young people overall are staying in high school graduating from high school overtime dropout rate has dropped significantlyMore young people regardless of social background are going on to universityGeneral increased participation rate in educationWhat is also being discovered is that the parental status of students remains a strong predictor of educational attainmentIn other words the sort of background in terms of class still matters in terms of how much education you get and quality of education you getThere is still remains a stubborn class effect upon educational attainmentWhat we find is that children from modest or low status background are still less likely than students from high status background to go on to university those are still disproportionately found to drop out from high school still more likely to find their way into nonuniversity programsThere are stubborn enduring class differencesOne illustrative exampleoIt shows the likelihoodprobability of men and women in different age groups graduating from university who have fathers with different levels of educationoIn this study the measure of parental status they are using is fathers educationoIn statistical terms the highest probability of graduating from university can be represented as 10 or 100oBy this benchmark in 2003 the probability of any individual Canadian aged 30 of possessing a university degree was 02323oHowever there are enormous variation dependent upon the amount of education that an individual Canadian father had achieved
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