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Sociology (2,434)
SOCB26H3 (75)
Lecture 5

socb26 lecture 5.docx

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Julian Tanner

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Socb26 lecture 5  Living in knowledge society means you get pressured to get more and more knowledge.  Demand has exceeded supply, which allows universities to select who they want, allows for a hierarchy to be present within the universities  In UK in 50 or 60s oxford and Cambridge was number one and number two, in states, Harvard and Yale were at the top etc. In Canada we have a hierarchy but less pronounced in many ways in terms of hierarchy and selection  50 or 60 years ago, prestigious programs were arts or humanities, now has been replaced with law medicine and management o this is where we go to a couple weeks ago  comparisons we are most interested in are between us(Canada) and the Americans o in US, there is a ‘pecking order’ – hierarchies o within U of T there is an internal pecking order -> st George being at the top Canada has very few private universities, if we do have them they are not really heard of o Resources handed out in Ontario are handed out equally  U of T might get more money from govt cuz have more students, but doen’t get more money than Brock simply because U of T does more research and has more programs  ‘Egalitarian ethas’ is present in Candian system  In America it is unambigiously elited o Secondly Canada is diff from US because there is no real market for undergraduate credentials for BA or BSc  In Canada most universities admit and recruit their students locally, we get jobs locally  In US, particularly the elite schools recruit their students internationally, these students then get their jobs all over their states or even all over the world  In US there is a national market  Table 12.1 2005 Maclean’s rankings o This is a categorization that maclean’s has come up with Study done in the 1960s of teachers and their students in California? elementary school, called Pygmalion in the Classroom  Professor and relationship with a student, he made it his ambition to make this flower seller(the student) into a dutchess, he wanted to transform this working class young woman into a highclass young lady  One of the ways he did this was by changing her speech, but more generally having great expectations for her, he groomed her into a highclass lady o By having her assume the mannerism and the achievements of a high-born lady o This play was called Pygmalion, it was turned into a musical called “my fair lady” o Key idea of this research is that the expectations that teachers have to their students influences the performance of their students  If teachers respond and treat students of whom they expect great scholastic achievements as being different from other students who they expect less of, then, the argument is that those are the outcomes that will be produced  What we are talking about here is a self-fulfilling prophecy  The researchers had a very clever strategy, they created different expectations for student progress by telling teachers a few little white lies about the students in their classrooms  All kids in the school from grades 1-6 were given an IQ test, for most of the kids in the schools the test results were accurately conveyed to the teachers, however the purpose of the experiment, a random group of 20% of the kids in each grade was singled out, and misidentified to the teachers as being exceptionally gifted  The hypothesis that Jacobson and Rosenthal was that the teachers would use the false information they had been given and would conduct their classroom practices in such a way as to make the prophecies come true  What they found: at the end of the school year the kids were tested again, and they found that the kids that we
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