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Lecture 6

lecture 6-12

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCB26H3
Professor
Julian Tanner
Semester
Winter

Description
1 Lecture 6 1. Differentiation and structure in the higher sections of education 2. Some universities have become increasingly difficult to get in, more selective- higher grades 3. This stratification process, hierarchy in nature of higher education is more evident in some countries or others 4. England- oxford 5. US- ivy league, Princeton 6. Canada- there hasnt been thatttt much differentiation, the higher education is the distinction btw going to uni rather than going to college 7. The basis of hierarchy, the community colleges are more vocational in nature, knowledge in uni is pure knowledge 8. Not a coincidence, well known in Canada, working class kids are more likely than students in higher backgrounds are higher in attendance in college 9. Selection function not only plays out in terms of institutions but differences in universities themselves differ in programs of study 10. In a historical class, arts and humanities would be the field with most prestige and most resources directly o This has changed rapidly in the last 10-15 years o The rise in the power and influence in the professional influence- business and science 11. Major reason in selective function from highschool to uni is because more young ppl in western world, want and expect to get into higher education 12. Majority of age group where 50-70% of students are in university or college 13. You and your parents bought into the idea btw the close linkage of the high education and the jobs 14. We now reach the stage where at least some university fields are filled with applicants, theres more younger ppl wanting education than there are places for them 15. This is more acute in some programs more than others 16. Management very competitive to get into 17. The results of the great expectations, what has happened as a consequence of having great expectations is that the entry is higher to get into 18. Where theyre allowed to, many of the professional faculties have been jacking up their fees, u of t law school is about 15, 000 a year for tuition 19. You would be welcomed by the banks to borrow money for schooling 20. Law school of u of t, they offset the money, a chunk of that 15,000 will go to a scholarship fund 21. Many working class families are dissuaded to not go to law school because they dont have the money to do it 22. Some of the universities had increased their reputation but their ability to have high rejection rates 23. No private universities in Canada thats anyone ever heard of 24. No ivy league 25. In the american system, resources are dulled out unequally 26. Canada, U of t, is the best and biggest uni o Doesnt have more resources, just more size not reputation 27. In comparison to united states, we dont have a hierarchy, should have more like states 28. Big difference btw us and states universities www.notesolution.com2 o In Canada, undergraduate students tend to be recruited locally, after graduation, tend to work locally o Very few students are from outside of the province or international students o Most employers, dont attach that significance to what university you go to o The american system is opposite, many undergrads go out of state and are recruited internationally o This is particularly the elite universities o Similarly, most employers would prefer, drool out of the mouth would like to hire the elite schools 29. Pygmalion in the classroom: study of elementary students and their teachers o Teachers expectations about the students IQ, improving their test scores over the course of the academic year o We can change people by expecting things of them, Rosenthal and Jacobson o About 20% were selected and deliberately misidentified as students who had huge academic potential, unrivaled in terms of academic performance o What the researchers believed that the teachers of these kids would act on the false information given and see if kids grades improved o At the end of the academic year, those same kids who were tested at the begininnging of the year were tested again, those kids who were false info, had higher grades than those who werent falsely infos o The iq were doubled of those in the experiment than those in control o The expectations of a superior is performed by the enthusiasm the teachers had, kids responded to the comments and facial expressions teachers made towards the experimental group 30. When youre doing academic research, one of the things that add to the validity of an experiment is if ppl are able to replicate the same findings o Some studies have found that teacher expectations did result in different treatment o But not the same drastic increase o This study got alot of attention, one suggestion, in the months and years since the original study, when other experiments went into different elementary schools and told being in the study, teachers were alerted that they were going to be deceived by the researchers- researchers had more difficulty persuading the teachers They didnt wait long enough to take a retest- thus the grades werent as drastic Most of the dramatic increase in iq scores occured amongst the youngest kids in grade 1-2 They didnt find the same increase amongst the older kids, this failure to find significant increase amongst kids in higher grades have been repeatedly found in other studies- reason because it may be that by the time kids have gotten in to grade 3-4 their academic self concept have been developed Beginning in grade 3 kids already start seeing themselves as smart or stupid, academic identity already forged, so teachers expectations cant shift that evaluation Even if teachers do have great expectations of their students, students themselves might not be intellectually capable in fulfilling those expectations There are cognitive barriers that impede teachers expectations 31. Social class and teacher expectations- Ray Rist o SES characteristics of kids determine their placements in ability groups in kindergarten class www.notesolution.com
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