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SOCB26H3 (75)
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OVERHEAD 3.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCB26H3
Professor
Julian Tanner
Semester
Fall

Description
OVERHEAD 3 Selection - in the past, status was inherited - (nowadays, you can’t 100%. You don’t inherit educational qualifications) How do parents pass on their advantages to their children? - the education system is itself stratified (to form, arrange, or deposit in layers) - streaming (how is streaming justified? What do its critics say?) o reinforces existing differences in ability o suppresses ambition o is often linked to class background what are the educational effects of streaming? - streaming has an effect, independent of social background cognitive ability, on school attainment - over time, allocation to high status streams improves performance, allocation to allow status streams lowers performance o longitudinal study (Gamoran, 1992) surveyed a large sample of American high school students three times over the course of their school careers: the test scores of those in the academic track improved; the test scores of those in non-academic tracks declined - longitudinal study from the UK: every child born in the first week of Marc 1958 surveyed at the ages 7, 11, and 16 with regard to their ability in mathematics and reading o students allocated to top ability groups/ streams improved their
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