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SOCB26H3 (75)

Book notes SOCB26.docx

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Julian Tanner

Book notes Durkheim - wondered what was replacing the authorative voice of religion - he saw socialization as a complex activity involving an important reciprocity between individual and society - public education was the modern institution to fulfill this broad public mandate Marx - production and distribution of goods and services are critical to inequalities in society - education as suppoting capitalism, both in terms of teaching the skills and values essential for the smooth functioning of the workplace, and for reinforcing an idea system that sustains and legitimates inequalities Weber - rise of rationalization (replacement of traditions, values, and emotions as motivators for behaviour in society with rational, calculated ones) as a principal logic in modern societies. - His conceptual tools focus on how schools helped spread bureaucratic and scientific world views, and how educational certificates were increasingly used to monopolize access to some types of jobs Macro theories – ‘grand theories’ – applies across entire societies - e.g. schooling for instance, by linking it to broad modernizing forces that have transformed Middle-range theories – more circumscribed, offering propositions that are geared to specific times and places, such as a particular nation in a particular time period - e.g. schooling why the Canadian higher education system greatly expanded in the immediate post-Second World War era Micro-level theories – face
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