1) Private and public. Top of American system are small number of
universities, which we know of as the ivy leagues. Private institutions
represented by Harvard, Yale, Princeton.
2) State systems like University of California, Michigan have well graduate
programs. They have a number of flag shipped public institutions, usually
run by a particular state. Some flag shipped public institutions have very
known graduate programs.
3) Small liberal arts college.
Lesser known colleges and universities.
Large schooling system made up of different institutions.
Facilities attract huge research funds, research funding for a number of
outside public employment.
Some large public flagship universities do pretty well financially.
If you go down the hierarchy, you find a lot of other American universities
that are well financially.
4) American universities and particularly the elite ones tend to not only
select or recruit students nationally, but also distribute them nationally. Not
simply selected from out of state but internationally. When these students
graduate, employers from the United States pick them. Whereas, they are
less likely from hiring from another university like Ohio.
Historically been very different.
Things might well be changing.
1) Nothing, which is in any way comparable. We don’t have private
2) Resources made available to universities are distributed much more
equally. No arrangement.
In Canada, students are selected/recruited much more locally than in the
We in Canada have not ranked universities the same way that Americans
have. There is pecking order of source but it is less obvious and more
Might this be changing?
Maclean’s have begun on using its own endeavors to rank Canadian
universities. This has become a big deal.
Ranked nationally and internationally. Recently, the institutions, which do
this ranking, have slippage of Canadian universities.
Might this slippage be reversed?
One best way of reversing to be back in the world top 20 is to go out and
deliberately cultivate/develop a more concentrated group of obviously elite
universities. Accompanied by observation that if it is unrealistic, we can’t
expect universities to excel at both teaching and research. What we
should do is what Americans do; we should encourage a certain degree of specialization. In line with that, one problem is that every university in
Canada is being given the same mission. All universities are expected to
conduct research and teach undergraduate and graduate. They would
make criticism that if you look at all universities in Canada, there aren’t a
whole lot of difference between them in terms of the programs they offer.
Contract between university programs are different. Between private Ivy
League universities and public state run universities. There is this split but
also other interesting nuance areas as well. For example, Bapson College
near Boston, which is known for undergraduate, programs which focus on
entrepreneurship. Freshmen students take hands on class where they
Other colleges have flourished because they specialize in certain
In any event, significant number of people who would argue that we
should be engaging in a similar kind of process of differentiating our
An important part of that is creating basically elite universities, which
would eventually ensure that they find their way back to the top 20 world
They would say that this network of a small number of research
universities, most universities should be given priority for research
funding’s that should do vastful of graduate teaching and recruit the top
faculty to do the research,
What they argue/advocate is the creation of a major division between a
small number of universities which specialize in research leaving a large
number of universities to concentrate on undergraduate teaching.
1) Comes from faculty university professors. The reason is that people
who become university professors, throughout graduate education are in
the process of being occupationally socialized. One thing faculty member
has been taught and learned is that there is more prestige/esteem to be
doing research than teaching, particularly undergraduate teaching. This in
some ways is universities dirty little secret. Difficult to persuade faculty at
One barrier to this division between research and teaching universities, it
is difficult to get faculty.
2) What Canada would end up doing is creating a 2-tier system. On the
one hand, there