Class Notes (806,683)
Canada (492,403)
Sociology (2,411)
SOCB42H3 (199)
Dan Silver (131)
Lecture 7

Classical Soc (SOCB42)- Lecture 7.pdf

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Dan Silver

Classical Soc – November 2 – Lecture 7 AGENDA - Communist Manifesto o As literature o History as class struggle  Bourgeoisie  Proletariat o Revolution - Marx’s piece is propaganda that’s attempting to rally the people together. - One of the reasons that it’s so successful is that it uses key literary troupes and presents itself as a kind of tragic comedy. - Literary structure of the Communist manifesto: o An ode to the bourgeoisie: feudalism → capitalism  Marx begins with singing the praises of the Bourgeoisie class.  Opening passages to the book that indirectly critiques the modern bourgeoisie.  The bourgeoisie produced massive railroads etc. they were quite successful, and Marx presents them as the greatest class of humans to ever exist. o The tragedy of the bourgeoisie  How they’re destined to become their own grave diggers because they produce a new class that destroys them  Not a tragedy in the strict literary sense. In the classical sense of the term, by being the best possible person you possibly can be, you end up destroying yourself. Not because you’re being bad, but because you’re being too good.  The bourgeoisie are kind of like Etipus, they are the best producers of private property, create more private property, more private property than anyone else, and more wealth than has ever produced in history. But as they do this, they create the proletarian society which has no wealth. They only have their labor to sell, and nothing to lose. By being the best capitalists they can be the bourgeoisie are hurting themselves, o The proletarian comedy: communism  Not a comedy because it’s funny. It’s a comedy because it has a happy ending.  We’re going to go through the hell of capitalism, but eventually it’ll whither away, everyone will work to their best abilities, and our fullest and richest human needs will be satisfied. It will create a world in which if one person prospers, the entire society prospers. - Arguments of the book o History is a class struggle  All societies are most fundamentally defined by their form of property. What it means to possess property. Whatever social/legal definition of property they give divides society up into classes. These classes are always at war. Treated slaves as pieces of property.  The middle ages had a different way of dividing property. There were surfs, guilds, churches, and the noble families. But there isn’t a developed system of private property for sale and distribution.  The churches give a good example. When you become a priest in many churches you get to live in a house, but you don’t get to sell it. You have property, but it’s not private property.  Modern society has new/heightened class antagonisms. It’s between those who have private property, and those who don’t have property, but only have their labor to sell. - Who are the bourgeoisie? Who are the Proletariats? o Bourgeoisie  Are basically the modern commercial industrial class.  Marx talks about their significance in six steps: 1. Feudal origins o Commercial classes expanded markets.??? o The old feudal system (of guilds/middle ages) couldn’t keep up with the new demand. They weren’t industrialized, and the setup couldn’t keep up with the expanding market (which grew with the discovery of America). (pg. 474) o Those early commercial aspects that we saw in SMitch got this revolutionary impulse from all these new markets being opened up in America. 2. Political power/rise o As they do this, they inevitably acquire greater and greater political power. o The state eventually becomes remade as an economic development machine that exists to allow industry and commerce to become as productive as possible (pg. 475) o French Revolution was a Bourgeoisie revolutions 3. Revolutionary character o Their character begins to reshape the world as the social classes replace the aristocratic classes. o Pg. 475-476 o They revolutionize all aspects of life. Always pressure to reinvent yourself. They destroy the old aristocratic hierarchies. The expose the aspect of self-interest underlying religious institutions; it’s a regular human institution. It exposed the fact that personal value is exchange value. It made us all believe that we are only as much as we can produce for exchange. Turned families into business ventures (people marry for property, abandon their elderly). o The bourgeoisie class is driven by constant innovation; nothing is stable. This is both thrilling and unsettling because everything you know can quickly be overturned. o The modern person in the capitalist society could never die happy because the world is always changing and so the person is never complete and satisfied. Marx believes that communism solves that problem. 4. Cosmopolitian character o They have no roots in a fixed place. Constantly revolutionizing yourself, seeking new markets, etc. makes you always ready to imagine an alternative way of living. This is a very different way of life than the past who valued stability, and local customs.
More Less

Related notes for SOCB42H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.