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SOCB43H3 (166)
Dan Silver (151)
Lecture 6

Week 6 Lecture

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Dan Silver

Recap of last week: -complex set of programs and goals -theoretical program – trying to explain what it is to understand society in scientific way -morality program – way in which one is related to another, doing things to one another -practical program – social science could tell the rest of society what its goal need to be, this is what everybody tries to do…do you specialize, or do you cultivate across whole world? -which goals should we pursue? Durkheim thinks we should SPECIALIZE -produced new methodology = attempt to say techniques that objectify solidarity through external symbols through morality -methodology: it’s possible to objectify morality through legal codes -criminal law equally linked with mechanical solidarity that we have something in common linked with collective conscience -the criminal law is a way in which collective conscience is crystallized in society -what we’re doing is responding to common sense to who we really are, that’s why we have punishment -criminal law = punishing someone for doing something wrong, making that person hurt ORGANIC SOLIDARITY RESTITUTORY LAW (civil law) o RESTORES situation back to the way it was when the offence occurred, when you violate a contract that says you work for 10 hours but you worked 9 hours, then the law says you need to work an extra hour o LACKS EMOTIONAL CHARACTER – you work extra hour, but there’s no emotional pain, just dealing with it the way it is…whereas criminal law allows you to have emotional pain o NOT COLLECTIVE CONSCIENCE – when we have special disputes between one another, it doesn’t go to deep feelings that each one of us owes to one another, it’s not going to strike your soul, e.g. people on boat not part of collective conscience, we don’t care unless if they’re murdered o NOT PRIVATE – not a social issue, nothing to do with society, doing their own thing on how to get along with one another…Durkheim disagrees: civil law’s goal is not to find solution that promotes everybody’s interest, the law tells everybody what they have to do, e.g. divorce – cannot get divorce in any way you want, but if you try to do it, there’s a lot of rules when you can/cannot do it, just because it is not part of collective conscience, it is part of the social RESTITUTORY →DOL -domestic law has all regulations about how families supposed to work, and you cannot choose how it works o RELATES FUNCTIONS – tells you what functions parents/children/husband/wife supposed to do, this is big part of division of labour, e.g. contract laws lay out the rules according to which buyer/seller/worker/employer are all supposed to relate, each one has separate function and what happens when one breaks them o SPECIALIZED – restitutory law focuses on individual relationship rather than relationship of unity, DOL puts people more in role, the more people are in DOL the more rules that tell you how to function, so collective consciousness is weaker o TEMPORARY – focus on delimited set of obligations that people have, much more specialized/segmented  this restitutory law is like a nervous system where everything is kept in harmony  have more complex organisms and have more developed organs  need to have some way for those complex parts to communicate with one another Individual – Society o link mechanical and organic: 1. DIRECTLY – I am connected to society as a whole without intervention, we don’t have strong collective consciousness in Toronto, we just directly know that’s the way how you do it, the more I feel that I have special task, the less likely I am to think that there’s collective consciousness, feel totally submerged into society and become one and forget yourself… when you’re in the crowd and not going along with society, you’re not linking to society, people are deeply dependent on society 2. INDIRECTLY – not linked to society as a whole but to specific parts inside society that join up to get it, society is not collective/common thing but a whole collection of interlocking parts, e.g. I am doing my contribution but I have no sense of what’s called Torontonian, this indirect relationship works better if you have some sense of individual life course and task, if everybody’s trying to be like this person, you’re not motivated to do their own thing, people are independent from society and do their own part REPLACING MECHANICAL o organic solidarity is slowing replacing mechanical solidarity o has to do with declining of collective consciousness o rising significance of this law Collective Consciousness: 1. volume • degree to which all values are shared with society • we all know what all Torontonians are supposed to do 2. determinateness • degree of clarity in the various components of collective consciousness • you’ll know with a lot of clarity (you’re supposed to eat this time, go to church at this time) • the more specific and clear, the more collective consciousness…vice versa 3. intensity • the extent to which it has power to guide your thoughts and actions • if have strong collective conscience (only supposed to eat pasta, if you want to have something else, you think that’s not an option for you) 4. content • = what it’s about • D: the ratio or amount of religious symbols/symbolism t
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