Class Notes (808,652)
Canada (493,325)
Sociology (2,416)
SOCB43H3 (166)
Dan Silver (151)
Lecture 2

Week 2 Lecture

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Dan Silver

MAX WEBER 1. LIFE -born in Germany in 1864, eldest of 7 children -parents were both protestants -they had fled from catholic persecution but became very successful entrepreneurs -there is a deep link between personalities between Catholicism and protestant -his father was important person in German liberal party, was shallow self-satisfied person -his mother was very firm protestant, duty, and disciplined person -were major players in political party -Weber wasn’t the best student, but liked to read in early childhood -went to university and became part of rituals, played fencing and grew status -afterwards, joined the military but joined aunt/uncle who were very intellectual -fell in love with their daughter/his cousin, after six years broke off marriage -after done military service, returned to Berlin and lived with parents for 8 more years -was a student and then a lawyer then a teacher, was authoritarian to mother -Weber was incredible workaholic, wrote ancient roman economy -followed up with German studies, did this by being totally 100% disciplined -was an ascetic ideal, got his professorship, so moved out from parents -got married, and they were intellectual but had no sexual relationship in their lives -Weber had no sexual relationship in his life until late 40s when he cheated on Marianne -started to talk about erotic sphere and meaning in life -he got involved in Christian social politic -but got into fight with father, said father was mistreating mother so got him out of house -had a total mental nervous breakdown after father died, could not concentrate on reading -so affected his writing, it’s hard to pin down what the breakdown was about -because of values of father/mother and broken engagement -so had to resign from university -in 1903, he recovered and felt energized, started a journal in social science and started giving lectures and took big trip to America -he saw things that contributed to bureaucracy, democracy, etc. -barely returned into teaching and went into writing -became cofounder of German sociology association -WWI started, Weber had very deep national sympathies -was reserve officer during war -he said “this is a great and wonderful war” -Weber became disillusioned not because war was wrong, he thought German commanders were not doing a good job, should not do summing warfare -he was not in principle against the war -towards end of life, gave two classic lectures: science as location, and politics as nation -he also did major studies in world about religion – total knowledge about world religions -was interested in what people think is most important in everyday life -died in 1920, last words: “the truth is the truth” -thought modern society cut us off from good things that previous societies were able to achieve -“look at the world and see it as what it is and deal with it” -key term: bureaucracy 2. SOCIOLOGY a. ACTION -sociology is comprehensive science -have to start and end with human beings doing things with reference to their basic concerns -are you doing things for military/status/power/truth? -these are social actions when it relates to other people -said that sociology is supposed to study the body social as if society is organism -Durkheim primarily interested in institutions (schools, courts) -Weber saw society as who had power, not just how much money is related to power -what your work means to you…a profession? or think of work as dirty? -sociology studies actions not just behaviours -you need a theory of action, and what kinds of actions -e.g. stock market/trading, what are people doing? -4 basic actions: a. purposeful rationality (goal-oriented action) -kind of action that the goals that you’re pursuing are determined rationally without emotions/traditions b. value-oriented rationality -what are you doing? somebody is doing something because they have value of some sort c. affective – emotions -based on emotional state of person doing stuff -might happen in pop concert or church -not pursuing goals or having values, but having emotions for people d. traditional -doing things guided by custom, taking things for granted -that’s just the way it is, because of traditional actions (i.e. not eating pork) -can make type of distinction -start to see historical development, how one type of action is different over time -Weber talks about rationality/bureaucracy b. NATURAL VS. SOCIAL SCIENCE 1. positivist – lawfulness -science of society is brought under a general law, finds general laws that determine when there are revolutions -you cannot understand human by external behaviour, have to take into account internal behaviours  first step: understanding = since what we have to do in sociology is to enter into personal motivation, we need to interpret and understand sociology, place yourself inside the mindset that you’re experiencing/studying
More Less

Related notes for SOCB43H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.