Class Notes (808,488)
Canada (493,249)
Sociology (2,416)
SOCB43H3 (166)
Dan Silver (151)

Week 11 Lecture

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Dan Silver

SIMMEL LIFE -born in 1958 in middle of Berlin, his whole life was really cosmopolitan/metropolitan life -wrote essays on the Stranger, people who are involved but not fully involved in the group -he’s always half inside/half outside in what he’s involved in -after he graduated from University, never got a full professor job because was Jewish -basically did lectures and paid depending on number of students who came to lecture -had people coming to hear his lecture -they also put him into involvement circles, hung out with artists, poets, religious people -involved in social circles SOCIOLOGY AS STUDY OF THE FORMS OF ASSOCIATION -sociology supposed to study the forms of association -time is lost -Weber: positivists vs. historicists -Simmel: reaction to positivists and conflicts -idea that humans in society are continuous with nature, life is great change and everything is connected -if you can apply laws to nature, you can also apply natural laws to human beings -technique is to look for regulations and laws -historicists: you cannot study natural things because human beings exist in space of freedom -we are determined not by nature but by ourselves -we have to record unique events in history, cannot establish irregularities -can never say revolutions occur -historicists: society is just a label, the only real thing is individuals -there is no actual society outside of individuals doing things they are choosing -Weber: ideal types – individual actors contribute to what they do -Simmel tried to find a way between positivists vs. historicists -Simmel’s idea of association: society exists due to interaction 1. arises from purposes + impulses  what brings people together? impulses – want boyfriend/girlfriend so go to party  have an associative impulse which would lead you out one night  purposes – defence youself, attack others, play with others, instruction  these put us into interaction with another  now have back and forth interaction level 2. unity – now you are interacting, key stone of society  associations create unity, once you’re in interaction with other people, now you’re together as unity  what makes social unity is we’re mutually affecting one another, we’re doing things back and forth to one another  we have social bond with other people by interacting closely with them  we have much less interaction with people we don’t know 3. a matter of degree  something can be more or less society or of association  society is not something doing stuff to us, sociology is to understand associations  degree of intimacy – how close you are to people  because there are so many interactions going on, it is an illusion/fiction  it is a bunch of actions going on and actions going back to them 4. forms vs. content  content – our life has content (what we’re about)  we can be about getting food, love, religion, etc.  they become social when they become a form with another  hungry at dinner party, has a form of interaction (having jokes, etiquettes)  forms of interaction = persistent and crosscut different contents  can find conflicts in universities, churches, etc. in very different contents  form/conflict is same throughout  Simmel’s goal is to pull out the form of space and work out interlogic  we have a bunch of people living here, it’s not society until people interact with one another Conditions of Sociology 1. same form, different content o Simmel’s approach depend on separating form from content o form of superiority and subordination o can see that in political parties, religious groups, universities, art schools o these are interactions about totally different things o we can study same form separate from their content 2. same content, different form o e.g. desire for economic gain – trying to make money o but can be mediated by different form – conflict, exchanging with other people, dominating somebody else o different forms of interaction but same content Tasks of Sociology 1. identify pure forms -conflict, exchange, sociability, domination, secrecy, etc. -urbanity – being in a city 2. order -how do you put them together -does domination feed into conflict? 3. examine development -we look at how associ
More Less

Related notes for SOCB43H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.