Class Notes (836,591)
Canada (509,862)
Sociology (2,430)
SOCB43H3 (166)
Dan Silver (151)
Lecture

Week 12 Lecture

5 Pages
132 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOCB43H3
Professor
Dan Silver
Semester
Winter

Description
Forms of Association Domination -Simmel’s words: super-ordination (who’s above) – sub-ordination (who’s beneath) -in schools (people in charge of schools), business (boss), politics (leaders, subjects) -these are common forms of association that we can pull out 1. under a single individual  one boss, one political leader, one principal  a group subordinated under a single individual tends to be highly unified that can happen in a few ways: • if have one single God/king in charge, they can provide unitary expression of group’s ideals, express what we all share as single point • can be expression of underlying pre-existing community • also create community where it isn’t there before, e.g. emergence of monotheistic religions – bring all sort of backgrounds from different communities/towns/occupations, everyone starts serving one single leader • through opposition to leader, we all hate that person, we’re all stuck under the thumb of that person; the more active the hatred is, the more we feel ourselves unified 2. under a plurality  a council of leaders (2,3,4 people who are equally the leaders)  can have country ruled by parliament with multiple leaders, classroom with two professors  one thing that tends to happen is downplay their individual feeling and tenderness for their subordinates and express subjective personal standards  another thing that tends to happen: leaders become more meaner and more violent sometimes  because more likely to take responsibility for what you do  aggression and meanness when you have plurality of people in charge 3. under a principle  Weber: legal/rational authority  it’s the rule of law, we don’t do what multiple people say, we do what the law says  relationship between leader and subordinates tends to go down; depersonal relationship  leaves a lot of room for subordinates to have individuality and freedom (agree to contract and do whatever you want after) Sociability -a form to itself, a form of interaction, society on its own -getting together at a party, purpose is to be there with other people -being in interaction with other people for its own sake -the pure essences of association (bring basic forms of interaction): 1. autonomous  they are separate from life and rest  operates under own rules 2. artificial  you construct separate world from real world and rest of life  you have money and have to find a mate and all other importance of life drops out  at a party, you are not supposed to know who is richer, more prestige, etc.  everybody’s supposed to be equally interesting  artificial world where all people are equal  is artifice but is interaction 3. playful  the play form of interaction where you take serious concerns out of daily life and take a gain of it  is social play, e.g. monopoly, you can play with forms of interaction  you take something from rest of world like capitalism and turn it into a game  taking something very serious like war (battleship) and having fun  flirting – most significant sociological thing where you have back and forth conversation  people start to play with guys back and forth, so transfer the way of finding a mate to a playful interaction Individualism -Durkheim: cult of division of labour -Weber: linked individuality to working in vocation -Tocqueville: individualism linked to rise in democracy, positive and negative consequences -Simmel: made this his central theme! -tries to distinguish different types of individualism -he assumes that the middle ages did not promote individuality pretty much so that people were not absorbed, not much room for people to discover themselves -but this started to change during Renaissance (classical culture that emerged in Italy) -individualism = one type being you are like everyone else, or one type being you are differe from everyone else Types/History 1. conspicuous individualism  look how brave I am in the world, I have the best house/painting/fashion in the world  talks about how tailors make unique suits  “I’m the very best around and look at me”  few great figures emerging and valuing their individuality against social background that was restricted (education, etiquette, social class…) 2. egalitarian individualism  links values of freedom and equality togetherth  there are very great cultural movements in 18 century from Newton and on  were in many ways dedicated to reducing the power and constraints  people had aspiration to live free from world, but they are constrained everywhere in residence, class, nation, etc.  egalitarian = if we can just throw all that off, there is space of pure freedom  beyond those arbitrary differences, there is universal common humanity that defines us more deeply and truly of other things  very deep cultural movement, natural laws that apply to al places and is linked to universalistic morality = everybody everywhere is subject to same rules  equality and individuality are all linked  “anything that divides me is not me, what is me is throwing those things off”  your purest individualistic personality by seeing what you share, linked to equality  linked to idea of free market idealism – everybody is all the same, so compete! 3. qualitative individualism 
More Less

Related notes for SOCB43H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit