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Dan Silver

SOCB43 – Lecture #4 – 2014-Jan-30  Religion rejections of the world  systematic methodical way of thinking; this total system of life practice has deep influence on every aspect of life; he was comparing Christianity to see how it relates to the world o Salvation religion  means saving, save from the world, which is thought of, which according to salvation religions, are corrupt, dirty, fallen; when people believe that they are not actually governed by the world that exists, when there is a greater law above the current law, they do not feel obligated by the world, they do not feel the need to change, the bonds between relatives are not as important because there are more important relationships; this is fundamentally transformative because it introduces the idea that your obligations and loyalties do not just go to your neighbors and your relatives o Ethic of brotherliness  how this type of religions deals with the world; the ethic of brotherliness comes into tension, in conflict with the world; as people pursue this ethic, that means they are pursuing their goals and life in a pure way according to their ethic, that is, when doing business it’s just about business, no morality, friendship, etc.; o Active religion  although the world is fallen and corrupt, we can do something about it; not just other worldly, but also inner worldly  You can only care about the saved ones, the chosen ones, and you should work hard, as you know the people who are the saved ones as well will work hard and reach at the same height as you are o Economy  tensions in economic aspect  Impersonal  money has no face, doesn’t matter who you are where you come from, there’s no tag of a particular person; most importantly if you are a good business person, you treat everybody the same way; for example if you know someone for 25 years and fires him but you should not get blamed for doing it, because a good businessman does things impersonal o Political  salvation religion usually comes in conflict with the political life, because it encourages people to completely reorganize things; tensions in political aspect include:  Impersonality  apply universal stand points to everyone, an idea that nothing should be personal, it should all be about politics  Power  people who are above and people who are below  Violence  states use violence to control the means of killing people, there is one legitimate agency that we accept to murder, that is the state; when states go to war, the ethic of brotherliness can’t stand brother killing brother; there is something fundamentally violent about politics  Realpolitik  despite moralities and friendship, only about goals, just about politics  Patriotism  the state claim the right to start wars, that declares powerful bond between communities of the same state; and that bond can rival with the bond in religion, with the ethic of brotherliness; the sense of community can be more profound than religions, life now has meaning of patriotism and not from religion  Consecrates (make sacred, give meaning to) death  religion can tell people what the meaning of their death is; the problem is that both religion and state can both do that for you, it’s as though the state is a different type of religion, so they are in conflict o Art  tensions in art  Anti-pleasure  the world is sinful, the world is corrupt and filled with temptations, and art offers pleasure, which salvation religion claims that people are giving up into the temptations  Meaning vs. form  art says style is important, making things beautiful, which salvation religion says that art is trying to make the sinful and corrupt world beautiful, tempted  Art for art’s sake  art can give life meaning, competition between art and religion, that art can give life meaning while religion tries to give meanings as well o Sex  tensions between salvation religion and sexuality; not built into all types of religion, but rather these salvation type of religions; not only a problem with sex act, the tension is when sex becomes  Eroticism vs. sex  the consistent principle of sexual life, the idea that this part of life can give life meaning, the rational approach to sex can threat salvation religion  Irrationalism  body is part of the world, therefore it is sinful, damned with temptations, to allowing a person into sex is like giving up to the world  Personal  sexual life between people can be highly personal, and it can become so profound that the other person can be someone like a sacrament, as important to you as God, can potentially replace God, so you can be committed and loyal to your partner than to God  Brutal  always involves some kind of coercion, always involving someone seducing the other, which salvation religion claims that sex should not be  Exclusive  brotherliness says you have to share love with the world, and that feeling of two people against the world can really build up  Self-control  giving up to the world, that is sinful and corrupt o Religious crusades are one of the active ways of working in the world and change the world, the other option is mysticism, which is to turn away from the reality  The rise of rationalism  Europe is where the whole idea of rationalism spread, to give a sense o
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