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SOCB43H3 (166)
Dan Silver (151)
Lecture 6

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Dan Silver

Lecture 6Function of DOL Mechanical Solidarity Organic Solidarity Causes of DOL Pathologies of DOLWhat is function Durkheim does not use it in a general way a specific way that the processes serve for maintaining integrity of the organismEx Digestive system absorbing nutrients from outside environment What does the DOL do for society as a wholeIt is not civilization Intellectual and material development of society Happened in Adam Smith specializing DOL has a lot of civilization in it does lead to all of these things Societies that have more of civilization have the most suicide rates and the most crimes As societies become more advanced there is more crime Even higher in the urban area than the rural areas Smith told us the DOL makes people dumb doesnt sound so great Isnt distributed throughout society only a few people care about specializing If something of the DOL is going to appeal to society in a moral way it cannot be restricted to a few people and it cannot make society worst It brings material abundance and moral degradation need to find a deeper moral understandingThe answer is solidarity The DOL is to maintain social cohesion a Mechanical Birds of a feather flock together Based in similarity and likeness Sharing builds connection to one another Some common value holds us together b Organic Rooted in the principle opposites attract Qualities you have I wish I had and vice versa You develop a bond that complements each other Feature Mechanical Solidarity Organic Solidarity Morphological structural basis Based on resemblances Based on division of labour predominant in less advanced predominately in more advanced societies societies Segmental type first clanbased Organized type fusion of markets later territorial and growth of cities Little interdependence social bonds Much interdependency social relatively weak bonds relatively strong Relatively low volume of population Relatively high volume of Relatively low material and moral population density Relatively high material and moral density Types of norms typified by law Rules with repressive sanctions Rules with restitutive sanctions Prevalence of penal law Prevalence of cooperative law civil commercial procedural administrative and constitutional law Formal features of conscience High volume Low volume collective High intensity Low intensity High determinateness Low determinateness Collective authority absolute More room for individual initiative and reflection Content of conscience collective Highly religious Increasingly secular Transcendental superior to human Humanorientated concerned with interests and beyond discussion human interests and open to Attaching supreme value to society discussion and interests of society as a whole Attaching supreme value to Concrete and specific individual dignity equality of opportunity work ethic and social justice Abstract and general
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