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Lecture 9

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Dan Silver

Lecture 9 March, 20, 2012: Week 11  Mead science & morality - A different way of thinking about social creativity and innovation, for Weber it was focused on charisma - How science rose and came to be a force against morality (weber= nihilism science can only tell us how to pursue it, not what to do+ there was constant change) (Durkheim=rise of scientific thinking will weaken religion which has previously been a moral centre for holding together society) - Teleology (goal/ purpose; if there’s an earthquake, god is punishing us for wrong doing or if someone dies many religions believe it was a result of a higher purpose) vs. mechanism (scientific/ stuff just happens/ looking for purpose is an illusion; why is there mud? It’s just there, there’s no reason) Traditionally we think of these in opposition/ conflict against each other— religion vs. science Looking for some way out of these conflicting ideas: - intelligent reconstruction (we can actually change our views dynamically) PAGE 36 ex. Sexually transmitted diseases We may find religious norms about sex are making us sick; we have to rethink what is implied The modern hospital, point is to help sick ppl get better through scientific ways treating your body like a distant machine. Ppl discovered that this process highly involves alienation, used as an experiment for research rather than a human with a soul. It’s easy to say to redefine our goals, but is actually hard to do in real life b/c we get attached. - Cult (holds up a vision of the world that doesn’t currently exist but we wish it did, ex. Christian church emerged with high levels of inequality, war/ patriotism- attaching real emotional devotion that brings us together) vs. functional institution (problem was transforming values that have been traditionally accepted to scientific values to be questioned) - Why shd we assume that the way life is now shd stay the same? Mead said we shd think of human life as evolutionary as chrysalis, constantly adapting yourself by taking a more practical approach (ex. Laws for Wheel chair accessibility in schools, restaurants/ birth control) o Georg Simmel  Life - Born in 1858 in Berlin (raised in the most urban part in the centre of the action) - He was a jew but lived in Germany (was an insider and outsider), weber even tried to get him a job but failed due to anti-Semitism - He refused to leave berlin, and maintained a part time lecture job (he was paid based on how many students showed up and his classes were always full) - He was fully emerged in the social life, ex. Going to parties/ socialization - He always jumped around from topic to topic, thought of his thinking as cash whereas Durkheim was more specified  Sociology of the study of forms of interaction - Weber: positivism (think of the universe as a chain from organisms/ nature/ soc is the highest science/ look for a law t
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