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Dan Silver (151)

lectures 9-12

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Dan Silver

1 Lecture 9 1. George Herbert Mead 2. The Act o His education and teaching was around philosophy and psychology o His biggest contribution was social psychology, next to the point of socio and psych o Attempt to understand our inner world gets created through interaction of other ppl o Behaviourism- to study peoples behaviour means we have to see the actions of ppl All we can ever know are the external movements of other pp and how they relate to people on the outside o Mead denies behaviourist perspective, but he agrees that we have to observe something in the world for it to exist o If the mind is real, it has to be observable, must be able to see and observe the mind, must be out there o Instead of looking for the mind inside of ppls head, look for their actions and deeds so in order to observe the world o Unpack the idea of an act The behaviourist version of an act is a reaction to a stimulus, thirsty= drink Mead wants to bring together the stimulus and response : aspects of action Impulse: feeling of some need to do something about the stimulation, feel thirsty- see water, impulse to drink Thirst comes from both the environment and the body Environment stimulates the thirst in you They intertwine, organism and environment Perception Seeing glass of water, do you drink it? Select everything from environment, look what is in the environment to what is relevant to your desire Humans have richer ability to perceive what is relevant to their stimuli Look out to see what is relevant to your impulse Manipulation Not just look at glass of clear liquid and drink, humans can manipulate objects, experiment with them before you drink it Experimenting, bringing past into future and how you anticipate similar events Activities extended out in past and future Consummation Action that satisfies the original impulse Humans have perceived, manipulated By having all these qualities, humans have been able to survive o Always a dynamic relationship btw the situations youre in and youre always altering your situations back and forth o Most of our actions are directly with other peopleorganisms o Situation youre impacting is the reactions of other people 3. Interaction o Capacities To make gestures (humans and animals) Movements of the first organism that acts the stimuli to the social responses of the second organism www.notesolution.com2 Dogs- act of each dog becomes the stimulus to the other dog to change of attitude Any kind of bodily movement, function isnt to do anything to natural environment but to get other organisms to change their own behaviours Communicative significance Conversation of gestures Were not just making bodily movement but were actually holding a conversation of movements This can go on without fighting, communicating intentions of what theyre going to do, its observable in gestures Significant gesturessymbols Response that it brings out from other organism, is the same meaning for everyone involved, ability to consciously anticipate to the symbols and gestures that you make People could hear, see and anticipate signals You dont have the same relationship to the others with a facial expression unless you can hear o What is the significance of these human capabilities? Allows everyone to adjust to one another in a much more complex and refined way The human mind gives us the ability to think Thinking- internalized, implicit conversation with himself by means of symbols The same as talking to other people The ability to have a mind is the ability to talk to yourself When you say thing and do things, youre good at anticipating what other people are going to respond Take those ppl away, talk to self, stop talking but still internalize it Historically, reading in head is new, always read out loud Mind is an action with the world, talking to world when theyre not there Self How you develop self consciousness To have a self is to act in a certain relationship with others Observe how other people react to you Self conscious jerk (sees the reactions of ppl to what youre doing) and unconscious jerk (doesnt know he makes ppl mad) The only way to get a sense of self is by observing how people react to you like a mirror What is it about me that creates that response from others? Only way to do that is to have a prior social ability Self is actually a product of interaction with the world Only have self by getting out of ourself Most strongest self are the ones that are most sensitive to where people are coming from? 4. Child development o What is the genesis through a child of having a self and mind? o Child is one thing at one time, one he is at one moment doesnt determine what he is at another
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