-religious institutions used to controle education.
-religion monopolized education. (critical as a secondary agent of socialization) (family is the third)
-mass education is about a 100 years old. (relatively wealthy countries, its expensive, costs a lot of
money, bu its worth the effort, in the world today) cannot maintain developed standards without an
-300 years ago most were illiterate.
-100 years ago majority never attended school.
-compulsory education (1950s) certain age must go to school.
-canada 99% literacy rate. (one of the top countries)
*Does education lead to equality or inequality?
-how changes in education related to changes in economy.
-watson and crick? (DNA GUYS) decoded DNA, let to a book called double helix?
led to the creationg of genetic engineering companies. (influence of education on
- economy also influences education.
-*Steve Wasnoaic, - personal computer idea to IBM, helett packard heard of it then, ( he took his
ideas to big companies).. he bought i the TV SET, AND PC (PERSONAL COMPUTER) and a type
writer. (he said to them , he can combine the three thigns together and make a computer)
-did it in his basement, and put the three things together because his idea was scoffed at.
(an EX of economy influencing education)
2 THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO EDUCATION
- **functionalist approach - (functionalism) - uniform socialization, replaced diversity among
families, religions, religious traitions graudally gave way to a more homogenized culture.
emphasisz achievement, (success, hardwork, ability..
education is competetive.
MERITOCRACY - evalutating people on basis of ability
combe, spencer, parsa (early functionalists, and they develope the functional theory of education,
comes form their theories)
EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT - ho wmany skills you have? skills ability, knowledge acquires as
a result of education.--> (cultural capital)
education attainment - number of years of schooling completed ( as soon as some one talks, you
have an indication of how educate they are, how many years?) not always, some people are better,
EDUCATION IS FUNCTIONAL - it makes a contribution to social survival, stability, healthy positive
functional contribution to these things.
*in traditional societies - some people would call them non-literate, nonliterate society (tribal
societies) in these societies , information, knowlege is transmitted primarily by the family and the
tribe. but as societies become more literate, more scientific, more technological (in orer to learn you
got to go to school), more sci -complex and tech -complex the division of labour increases, and
schools of formal education become more necessary.
KNOWLEDGE THESIS SOCIETY - our society is a knowledge society. - family can;t provide you
with the info you need to operate in this society. only specialized education institution can properly
socialize people, properly prepare people for adult roles in modern complex societies.
LITERACY & NUMERACY.
R - READING
R - WRITING
R - RYTHMATIC we have to be numerate as well.
SECONDARY SCHOOL scpecializez on primary foundation and
university - specialized more academic direction. (for the professionals, which are increasing)
CORSE CONTENT , CURRICULA (FORMAL CURRICULUM)
(informal curriculum, hidden curriculum)
- implicit. latent - transmits cultural values, beliefs and norms. schools encourage "good behaviour".
discourage "bad behaviour"
good - zero tolerance policy on violence.(bullying etc.) (some times they go over board when they
teach good behaviour, as part of school mentality)
sociability - schools teach getting along with other people, when you work with a group, you are
evalutated on ur ability to work along with people (even at work ex: promotions etc.) schools teach
discipline and punctuality.
youre all treated alike.
(good work ethics)
DEFERRED GRATIFICATIONS - all kinds of money and assets.cant have it now, can have it later
defer gratification - go to school, and then work later, and earn big bucks
CRETIVITY - another functional aspect of education.
scolelge - they teach u specific skil, inconnection wit a specific occupation, in uni UR INTERESTED
IN CREATIVITY AT MAX
tender, tenyear? - after a while of teaching u become guaranteed there, its base on your teaching
ability and your qualifications.
they call unis GUNFREE ZONES
theres no creativity in the natual sciences or social sciences, or philosophy,, history or humanity,
mass education was basis for modern nationalism. ( the nations state establishes a common
education sysstem, and then socialized people into the values of that system)
EDUCATION IS IMPO, BECAUSE IT FORGES PE