Class Notes (811,170)
Canada (494,539)
Sociology (2,417)
SOCB44H3 (40)


4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
John Hannigan

Educationchapter 17 • Education system has replaced organized religion as main purveyor of formal education • Education around 100 years old nd • Education system also is 2 in importance to family • 300 years agomost we illiterate • 100 years agomajority never attended school • 1950only 10% of world’s countries had system if compulsory mass education • Today: more than half of the developing countries are illiterate, while in Canada, education is a way of life • Watson + crick o Decoded DNA o Double helixled to creation of genetic engineering countries 2. theoretical approaches to education • 1. Functionalism o Achievementsoutcomes assigned in proportion to individual success in satisfying job-relevant tests of capacity) instead of Ascriptionoutcomes assigned to circumstances traits • 2. Conflict perspective o Claim the following  Economic barriers: prevent people from going on to post secondary education  Schooling reproduces difference in ‘cultural capital’ and thus preserves class difference (promotes inequality)  Many jobs require academic credentials that are questionable as job skills are effective at • Education achievement o Is learning or skill than an individual acquires and at least in principle it is what grades reflect • Education attainment o Is number of years of schooling completed, or for higher levels, certificates and degrees earned • In tribal societies: info knowledge is transmitted through family and tribe • Knowledge societyAs they become more scientific and technological (more complex) the division of labour increases and school and formal education becomes more important. The family can’t provide you with the information you need to operate in this type of society • Primary school stat with: the 3 R’s o Reading o wRiting o Rythmitic • Colleges specializes in practical direction university specializes in academic direction • The formal curriculum (schooling) o Academics • The informal (hidden) curriculum o Teaches obedience to authority and conformity to cultural norms and influences content of classroom lessons o Staying in school requires accepting terms of the hidden curriculum  Example: o f hidden curriculumrespect, discipline, sociability, punctuality, motivation long-range planning, hard work • University teaches you: • Deferred gratification o Defer gratification to some point in the future (discipline) • Functionalism continued o School teaches you  Critical thinking  Creativity • Education and social integration • Gellner (1983)slide 11 o Proposed mass education was basis for modern o Nationalismsentiments emphasizing view that humanity is divided into limited number of populations defined by common culture, territory, and continuity with kin group • Partaking of common culture allows for • Imagines communitiessentiments of solidarity and identification with those who share cultural capacities • Sort and steer students to different class positions as adults • Homogenize future citizens by indoctrinating into common culture • People have to learn o Certain job related skills o How to be good citizens o Tolerance and acceptance of difference • Social standing
More Less

Related notes for SOCB44H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.