The education system has replaced organized religion as
main purveyor of formal education.
Education around 100 years ago
Education system is 2 in importance to family
300 years ago-Most were illiterate
100 years ago- Majority never attended school
1950- Only 10% of world’s countries had system of
Compulsory Mass Education
Today- More than half of developing countries are illiterate,
while in Canada, education is a way of life
Watson & Crick
-Double Helix- led to the creation of genetic
2 Theoretical Approaches to Education
1. FUNCTIONALISM- Achievements( outcomes assigned in
proportion to individual success in satisfying job-relevant
tests of capacity) instead of ascription( outcomes assigned to
circumstances and traits).
-School teaches you: critical thinking & creativity 2. CONFLICT PERSPECTIVE claims the following:
-Prevent people from going to post secondary education
-Schooling reproduces differences in “cultural capital”
and thus preserves class differences (promotes
-Many jobs require academic credentials that are
questionable as job skills are effective at….
- Is learning or skills that an individual acquires and at least
in principle it is what grades reflect
- Is the number of years of schooling completed, or for
higher levels of schooling, certificates and degrees earned.
In Tribal Societies: Information and knowledge is transmitted
through family and tribe
Knowledge Society: As they become more scientific and
technological (more complex), the division of labor increases
and schooling and formal education becomes more important.
The family can’t provide you with the information you need yo
operate in this type of society.
Primary School starts with the 3 R’s: Reading, (w)Riting and
Colleges specialize in Practical direction. Universities
specialize in Academic direction.
The Formal Curriculum (Schooling)
The Informal (Hidden) Curriculum)
-Teaches obedience to authority and conformity to cultural
norms, and influences content of classroom lessons. *Staying on school requires accepting terms of the hidden
curriculum:ex. respect, discipline, sociability, punctuality,
motivation, hard work, long-range planning
University teaches you: Deferred Gratification- defer
gratification to some point in the future (disciple)
EDUCATION & SOCIAL INTEGRATION
Gellner (1983)-Slide 11
-proposed mass education was basis for modern
NATIONALISM- sentiments emphasizing view that humanity is
divided into limited number of populations defined by common
culture, territory and continuity with kin group.
-Partaking of common culture allows for IMAGINED