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EDUCATION lecture notes.doc

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John Hannigan

EDUCATION-Ch 17  The education system has replaced organized religion as main purveyor of formal education.  Education around 100 years ago  Education system is 2 in importance to family  300 years ago-Most were illiterate  100 years ago- Majority never attended school  1950- Only 10% of world’s countries had system of Compulsory Mass Education  Today- More than half of developing countries are illiterate, while in Canada, education is a way of life  Watson & Crick -decoded DNA -Double Helix- led to the creation of genetic engineering countries 2 Theoretical Approaches to Education 1. FUNCTIONALISM- Achievements( outcomes assigned in proportion to individual success in satisfying job-relevant tests of capacity) instead of ascription( outcomes assigned to circumstances and traits). -School teaches you: critical thinking & creativity 2. CONFLICT PERSPECTIVE claims the following: -Prevent people from going to post secondary education -Schooling reproduces differences in “cultural capital” and thus preserves class differences (promotes inequality) -Many jobs require academic credentials that are questionable as job skills are effective at….  Education Achievement - Is learning or skills that an individual acquires and at least in principle it is what grades reflect  Education Attainment - Is the number of years of schooling completed, or for higher levels of schooling, certificates and degrees earned.  In Tribal Societies: Information and knowledge is transmitted through family and tribe  Knowledge Society: As they become more scientific and technological (more complex), the division of labor increases and schooling and formal education becomes more important. The family can’t provide you with the information you need yo operate in this type of society.  Primary School starts with the 3 R’s: Reading, (w)Riting and Rythmetic  Colleges specialize in Practical direction. Universities specialize in Academic direction.  The Formal Curriculum (Schooling) -Academics  The Informal (Hidden) Curriculum) -Teaches obedience to authority and conformity to cultural norms, and influences content of classroom lessons. *Staying on school requires accepting terms of the hidden curriculum:ex. respect, discipline, sociability, punctuality, motivation, hard work, long-range planning  University teaches you: Deferred Gratification- defer gratification to some point in the future (disciple) EDUCATION & SOCIAL INTEGRATION Gellner (1983)-Slide 11 -proposed mass education was basis for modern NATIONALISM- sentiments emphasizing view that humanity is divided into limited number of populations defined by common culture, territory and continuity with kin group. -Partaking of common culture allows for IMAGINED COMMUNIT
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