Watson and Crick—book published, showed how education can influence the conomy as
opposed to the other way around
Steve Wozniak—co-founder of apple, failures in school (went to india, underwent personal
transformation and as a result came up with unique products and changed education
Saint Simone Comte—perhaps most notably Marxism,
Spencer, Par sons, and Comte—early functionalists and founded sociologist. Education is
functional and makes a positive contribution to society because it integrates members into a
RRR—reading writing, arithmetic.
Deferred gratification—u put off what u want for your LT goals
Durkheim—schools and their instilling of morals => increased social cohesion
Old soviet union—based on uniformity. They integrate around uniformity. Everything was
forfeited to the state.
Yugoslavia—fell into ethnic warfare because integration had failed
Baltic republics—latvia, Estonia, Lithuania. Came from falling of soviet union
Metitocracy—everything based on ur own achievements and efforts. Social hierarchy
established due to test
Latent—unintended functions of education
Christina hoffsummers—“the war against boys”—the educational system is against males
because theyre more disruptive and hyperactive, while femaels are more quiet and cooperative
Timothy bates—University of Edinburg, came up with stats diff between male and female
intelligence measures; smartest and dumbest are men, women in the middle
Bowles and Guintess—“schooling in capitalist America”—say that uni reinforces capitalist
ideals=>reinforce compliance, punctuality and discipline. Reinforces status quo and systemic
exploitation and does it in really informal ways and so subtle that you’re not aware of it. says
the ruling class imposes its knowledge and culture on the education system conflict theory
Credentialismneed more and more certificates for the same job.
Randal Collins—came up with credentialism. Credential inflation
Marx—education contributes to socialization. Class differences are strengthened by education
Communist manifestomarx wrote it, about how capitalism is evil and communism will prevail
James Dean—rebel without a cause. An actor who died really young and super rebellious. ****
Frontal lobe—young males have it underdeveloped, and these lobes inhibit impulsive behaviour.
Ojibwae—first nations group
Gardener is o garden painter is to easel—how IQ tests culturally specific. Crime:
Repeat offender—keeps doing ti
Grand theft auto—game.
B & E—breaking and entering
Consensual crime—both parties agree. Also VICTIMLESS CRIME. Laudanum=mix of
Vagrancy—homeless and on the street
Entrapment—undercover thing with the police trying to tempt the person into committing the
crime to catch them
Jon-customer of prostitute
Tricks—what the prostitute does
Edwin Sutherland—gave the idea of white collar crime. White collar crime is also super
expensive and gave example of investment fund
Muggging-robbing on the street. Street crime
Copywright infringement—white collar crime
Price fixing—companies get to gethre and inflate a price
Insider trading—know whats going to happen
Fraud is scamming
Embezzlement—stealing from a company
Donnie brasco—undercover FBI agent trying to crack the mafia
Sopranoes—tv show about the mafia lifestyle
Goodfellas—a movie based henry hill, who is part of Italian mafia
Italian Mafia—the name for organized crime
Sicillian cosa nostra—organized crime by Sicilians
Myer Lanski—expert at money laundering, worked for al capone
Al capone—famour NY gangster. Money laundering thing about olive oil. Import companies to
Big circle boys—name of a gang.
Kung lok, 14K, ghost shadows, all gangs
Drug cartels—latin American organized crime is what theyre famous for
Pablo escobar—most famous Columbian drug dealer, brought in the best coaches to train his
soccer players to make sure
Hells angels—largest organized crime association. Outlaw bikers. Basically everywhere, mostly
Caucasian. Make the mafia look like little kids. Mostly Scottish, irish, and French. Just after
WW2, hells angels was the name of a fighter g=jet, these ppl came back from ww2 and really
bored so they made a gang Rock Machine—so called chapters of hells angels, los bravos, satan’s choice, chosen few, grim
reapers, vagabons, and one percenters, all answer to hells angels
Graft—give legal ppl and politicians as a bribe.
Don Corleone—god father of the Italian mafia.
Loan-sharking—loan out money and put insane interest to make sure u cant get out of it.
Snuff movies—watching movies of murder—film real murder
Decriminalize—make it legal (weed).
Molestation—personal crime, least severe form of sexual assault, but rape is the worst.
Aggravated assault—do severe damage and its unprovoked
Manslaughter—accidental murder—really important!!
Ken Lay (enron) and Jeffer skilling (enron), both did fraud.
Bernie Ebbers (WorldCom)—account frauds
Bernie Madoff—ponsey scheme0—really high return on investment, but pays the interest to
someone with the other investments money.
Conrad Black (Argus corp)—canadian who charged him with 50 crimes, 4 stuck, and so he’s still
in jail. Law convicted on called “honest services”
Cesare lonbroso “Crime, its causes and remedies, 1911”—how crime comes from evol theory.
What distinguishes humans from animals is highly evolved moralistic sense.
o ATavism—ppl who are not evolved enough. don’t develop human morality, and they are
o Stigmata-features of a criminal, as claimed by lombrosso “red hair, receding hair lines,
o Charles Goring “the English convict-1913”—tested lombrosso’s hypothesis and
William Sheldon—ppl ID with different body types. Endomorphs, round and fat, ectomorphs—
thin and tall and not ahteltic, andthen mesomorph—agile muscular athletes. Criminals most
likely to be mesomorphs.
Sheldon and Eleanor gluek—physique and ID—matched 500 delinquents to 500 non delinquents
and confirmed sheldons hypothesis. More mesomorph criminals
Exteriority and constraint—constraint theory is when deviance imposed on u.
Self fulfilling prophecy
Edwin Lemert “social pathology”—came up with idea of primary and secondary deviance as a
way of explaining labelling. Primary deviance is when no one knows it except u. secondary is
caught, convicted, and labelled.
Howard Becker, Outsiders 1963—marijuana use isolated to musicians. He studied the jazz
players. Need to learn how to get high, and then ur addicted.
Degradation ceremony—publically disgrace them, and degrade them. Ex: trials in public.
Labelling theory calls this that
Remorse—what they have to show after theyre convict, if u don’t get a heavier sentence Stigmatized—marker that distinguished u, label put by normal on deviants
Ostracize—make fun of them, make them feel extremely different and not welcome
Recidivism—how liklely to repeat. Labelling causesthat, they encourage repeating. By saying
bad, more likely to commit more crimes. Through prison, become even worse offenders
Techniques of neutralization—excuses to justify or dissociate from deviant behaviour