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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 Sept 24 2012.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
John Hannigan

Lecture 3 Sept 24 2012 Last week recap  Growth of ancient cities  Civilization that gave a rise  Pg 38 traits  For a long time urban history European part of view India early urban civilian Indus River in Indus Region the goes by from 2500 BCE  Moenjo Daro- one of the thriving settlements had buildings made out of mud had 2 storey building. Building also had a underground furnace  Like the romans they had heated pools also large well for water  Most remarkable discovery was a sanitation system  Functioning sanitation system and heated water system in 2500 BCE  Bath in England south west of England relatively large cities bath was a roman town roman established a elaborate system to attach the springs in the underground  They also had evaluated aquatics which carried water through pumps  China –different from other cities  Constantinople-in turkey it reached population 400 000 The city was the largest and wealthiest European city of the Middle Ages  Max Weber- he argued that cities in the east  Had one thing missing from the west  Dominant social system in the eastern society kept dominating  Caste system- argued that cities in the west had one missing they had no independent development (dominant social societies)  Stratification construction (caste system)  Rome Reduced population from 500000 to 20000  Barbians- Germans horder defeated roman army- romans were once a powerful military established a living and they become soft  Germanic barbicans  Christianity came along romans converted from the romans gods commerce and economics decline of roman empire conceded with rise of the Islamic empire  5 century trade from east and west stopped flows of goods -always went on the Mediterranean sea  Feudal system was a society that a dominated across Europe  Subsistence agriculture went back to when people would farm enough to feed their families and local people. There was no such thing production of food as mass distribution  3 levels of stratification system  King divine – only answer to god  Nobels and land owners lived in castle and has a big estate  When the king decided to go to war they take nobles to wherever they go  Serfs/peasants being a slave belonged to a particular noble not allowed to leave the estate if you wanted to get married you need permission from the noble  No secular law  Need permission from the noble devote a certain number of days to work in the estate  Nobles had absolute power  Some feudal estate has first choice of serfs during weddings night eg: they would choose the women for the serfs and sometimes they take them for their personal use  Scribes and merchants were wiped away  Church (Catholic ) politics of feudal society had to deal with the tension of the church tolls – people had to pay to travel on the roads  Usury- money lending written in the cannon law it was sinful to borrow or lend money  11 century this how European society looked like arts and culture had been defining characteristic of a city has disappeared  When cities disappear so do arts and culture  Cities are thriving learning arts and culture and medicine  Cirusades-not a pretty time in history the pope in roman catholic prevailed among kings to make soldiers to the east  Crusaders robbed raped women and raided local towns as they marched  Local population dreaded  Emerged trumphiant one of the things they did they brought back wonderful things in the east they this demanded trade and reopened meditterrian – this kicked started the pervious trade this eventuall
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