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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 October 1 2012.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
John Hannigan

Lecture 4 October 1 2012  Prior to the coming of the industrial revolution the cottage crafts baking weaving blacksmith you wont have these anymore you will only see them in museums  Showing how people use to bake and blacksmith back then all these skills are passed on from generation to generation these were not highly looe ked upon  Factory works these skills were not required nature of work changed  Factories need bodies they needed people who can work long hours  A lot of turn overs workplaces and safety did not exist people would get hurt during work  Workplace and home were right beside each other  Most non rural workers worked and lived in the same place  Workers home back then was really close to their job  Worker and residences are merging people have went back to living and working in the same place  Did not have star bucks or place to eat back then  Social class structure- more complex class system  Industrial entrepreneur – built their own factory if they were successful they became wealthly  The old wealthy went away from people owning estates now it went to new wealth to people who owned factories  Adoratrices were not innovators they hunted and partied  Industrial entrepreneurs did not only want to be wealthy but wanted to have high social class status  Daughter or a industrial entrepreneurs will be married off to a son adoratrices who would get money and industrial get higher status  2 new urban social phenomenon 1) rise of slums products and rise of industrial revolution was the rise of poverty working a new factory machine cuts your hand theres no workers compensation they fire you when you have no hand and you will have no job and you will live on the streets and this was the results of how slums were created  2) rise of the middle class suburbs 1950-1960 suburbs became a large urban landscape  Mangers lived in these places owners bought their own estate  Finance and trade people lived in these places as well managers moved into the suburbs  Sociological and urban changed in 1950 – 1960  These houses were not built near the polluting factories  Canada in 1867 is a British colony  Canada and united states tend to be behind Germany France Europe in terms of industrialization Population of Canadian Cities 1850-1911 1850 1871 1911 Toronto 30 800 56 000 376 000 Montreal 79 700 107 000 470 000 Quebec 45 500 - St John 30 500 - Winnipeg 136 500 Vancouver 100 000 Population Of US Cities 1830-1860 New York 1830 1850 1860 202000 515000 813 000 Chicago 30000 109 000  Toronto is the dominant rise in Canada regarding Cities however in Montreal in 1911 rised after Toronto initially cities in North America were part of the continental system  Columbus voyages had discovered cities in many places  British imperial rose reign of queen victory British colonies appeared all over the world  How does this tie into Industrial Industry and trade?  Colonies would ship in raw materials such as lumber sugar to Britain and Britain would produce goods  Industrial growth was slow to get off the ground  Canadian role was to supply food and raw materials to British factories  Canadian west took off and grew because they were bread basket from Britain- they grew wheat corn and other grain products this was to geed the British becoming division labour we gave Britain material they ship
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