Class Notes (839,094)
Canada (511,185)
Sociology (2,434)
SOCB44H3 (40)


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John Hannigan

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SOCB44: Lecture 4 (October 1, 2012)  MIDTERM = OCTOBER 15 o READINGS:  Sept 10 – pp. 1 – 22  Sept 17 – pp. 23 – 40 * Focus  Sept 24 – pp. 40 – 54 * Focus  Oct 1 – pp. 55 – 64 * Focus o Focus on lecture but lectures and readings overlap = those overlap are more likely to be tested on o Not gonna test on the materials on the textbook that do not relate on the lectures o FORMAT = NO MC questions, NO T/F , short answers (e.g. definitions, importance) in ESSAY FORM NOT POINT FORM. o Know the important dates and names *** e.g. banking act of 1871 Population of Canadian Cities (1850 – 1911) 1850 1871 1911 Toronto 30,800 56,000 376,000 Montreal 79,700 107,000 470,000 Quebec City 45,000 St. John’s 30,500 Winnipeg 136,500 Vancouver 100,000 Population of U.S. Cities (1830 – 1860) 1830 1850 1860 New York 202,000 515,000 813,000 Philadelphia 161,000 340,000 565,000 Chicago ---- 30,000 109,000 Difference after industrialization cities emerged: 1. population changed as seen above ? 2. what required was different workers in industrialization - prior to industrialization = Cottage crafts o baking, weaving, glass sifts o skill working - back in the start of industrialization era – they used children, no workplace & safety regulations, etc.  but changed - workplace and home – the same o VS industrialization = workplace and home separated o 21 century, happening again where the home office is becoming popular 1 3. social class structure – more complex class system - industrial entrepreneur emerged - shift of wealth - higher social status and wealthy entrepreneur through marrying someone in the aristocracy - e.g. daughter of rich industrial entrepreneur will be married off to a son of aristocrat 4. two new social phenomena arose in the industrial revolution: a. rise of the slum - e.g. no working compensation but just fire you b. rise of the middle class suburb – (1950 – 1960s became a huge thing) - people who live there like managers, factory men, etc. - not wealthy industrial entrepreneurs - rise in class of society who are involved in finance and trades Canada - prior to 1867, under British colony – 1867 became a separate nation - Canada and US were behind Europe in terms of great industrialization - refer to the tables above: 1. population jump from 1871 to 1911 = major increase of population 2. expand of the population in cities in Canada as seen in no population column in 1850 and 1871 3. change of population in Montreal and Toronto - the dominant city was Montreal not Toronto - industrial change happen in US before in Canada as indicated in the tables above. - colonial system was becoming significant in 1850s how does this tie in industrialization and trade? - the colonies would shift raw materials (e.g. lumbar, fur, sugar, etc.) to Britain - Britain would manufacture clothing, etc. and shift them back to the colonies - colonies themselves would not set up manufacturing factories and would only supply the raw materials - why industrial growth was slow in US and Canada - supplying grain and food eventually - Canadian West took off in terms of development (e.
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