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SOCB44H3 (40)


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John Hannigan

SOCB44: November 12, 2012 Social Psychology Urban Life: Kitty Genovese - 1964 in Kew Gardens, Queens in New York City - symbol for life in the city being anonymous by Zimmel - Bystandard effect - A lot of explanations: o Helping someone being attacked can impose danger to yourself; o A number of people around you, you easily assume someone is doing something about it already or diffusion of responsibility; o Element of uncertainty and ambiguity or unsure whether you need to intervene or how to intervene; o Police requests the good Samaritans to call the police and not to intervene - Stanley Milgram o Not an indicator of urban indifference but rather the indicator of the norm of non-involvement o Urban condition is one where people frequently found themselves in the situation where it demands their involvement o But it’s hard to be involved all the time o If you are looking to be involved or be a good Samaritan, there’s no end to be having these kind of situations o Consistent with what the European theorists argue about social transformation  In a large city, people can be overwhelmed with the factors and situations, so they reaction to it is to generate a new norm and put a “bubble” around you and just ignore everything around you. - “The Unresponse of Bystandard” o by Latare and Darley (1970) o describes bystandard effect o They argue that in a crowded situation, individuals will assume that someone will intervene (e.g. Medical emergency trained individuals) o Others won’t respond because of liability despite their trainings and skills. - It happens in rural areas as well (e.g. rivalries between two bike gangs and fight in open road) - Related to how thinking and acting in cities Urban Ecology: Burgess Concentric Zone - To see what is going on in the city and what is reflected geographically 1 - Geographics of the city reflects what’s going on in the city (socially, etc.) and vice versa - Concentric zones or concentric circles - 1920-1930s in Chicago when this model was described o also used Toronto during the discussion: - Good model for large cities in North America (Toronto included) o Toronto began in Front and King Street
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