Class Notes (838,386)
Canada (510,872)
Sociology (2,430)
SOCB47H3 (73)
Lecture 12

Lecture 12.docx
Premium

7 Pages
58 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOCB47H3
Professor
Francisco Villegas
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 12 Slide Racialized Segmentation  Some employment segment o Production o And living conditions o Along linguistic and cultural lines  Informed by a racialized perspective on work ethic o May lead to the maintenance of gender and racialized stereotypes of workers o May affect selection in following years e.g. Mexicans workers fired after they tried to strike and replace by Jamaican workers Slide Gender/Racialized Segmentation  Workplaces that recruit men and women o Segment sexes by country (e.g. Mexican women, Caribbean men)  “Employers and civil servants frankly acknowledge that hiring is intended to create barriers within the workplace that will both mitigate the potential for greater socializing that accompanies the introduction of a mixed-sex environment and reduce the formation of intimate relationships that could create new social commitments o Barrier for socialization (language differences) o Strategy to prevent intimate relationships Slide  Positive and negative reasons employers give for hiring women  (+) o “Women posses finer, lighter touch and are more patient, responsible, and productive that men” (p. 302) o Women as more hardworking o Keep living quarters cleaners  (-) o Assert themselves by reaching out to advocacy organizations o Seen as problematic (potential for infighting) o Ability to reproduce (can be deported for pregnancy) Slide 41 Internalization of Worker Stereotypes  Leads to a divisive workforce in which employees compete with one another to hold on to jobs Slide 44  Upward mobility because of lack of access. Level of upward mobility doesn‟t necessarily rise. Slide 45  Work permit valid with single employer (labor mobility) o Employers can repatriate workers (deport) if they complain, are sick or injured, pregnant  Quick process lessens workers ability to fight firing and deportation  Confusion over jurisdiction (labor laws are provincial, immigration is federal)  At the farm, geographic mobility o Some farms prohibit visitors of the opposite sex and establish curfews (workers may also help to enforce these practices) Slide Definition of precarious immigration status  Bernard et al. define precarious work as “Individuals in a range of categories who may experience shifts between different types of legal status over the duration of their presence in Canada”  Precarious status underscores the potential multi-dimensionality of insecurity (e.g. work, residence, rights). Slide  More specifically, precarious status is defined as the absence of any of following normally associated with permanents residence (and citizenship)  1) Work authorization  2) The right to remain permanently in the country (residence permit)  3) Not depending on a third party for one‟s right to be in Canada (Such as a sponsoring spouse of employer), and 4) Social citizenship rights available to permanent residents (e.g. public education and public health coverage)* Slide  Taking this into account, what groups of migrants fall under the category of precarious status? o Temporary migrant workers (e.g. SAWP) o International students o Permanent residence/landed immigrant o Refugee claimant o People whose visa (work, study, tourist) has expired o Refugee claimants who received a negative response o Temporary foreign workers Slide  In addition, there is a class and racial component to precarious immigration status. Slide  What does McDonald mean by illegalization? o Calling someone “illegal”. o People who don‟t have status to be in Canada. Non-status. Slide  Illegalization refers to the processes that make people “illegal” o Illegalization is “product of a set of processes rather than…a given state or status (McDonald)  Therefore, “illegality is not inherent quality in individuals it is something that is produced  This disrupts ideas about migrants as “criminals” Slide Illegalization as inclusion and exclusion  In addition, “Illegalization works to both socially exclude, through such practices as detention, deportation, and the closing of legal avenues for entry, and socially include under imposed conditions of exploitability and disposability.”  Inclusion as an economic factor: o This inclusion, involves filling labor needs and “satisfying the demand for cheap, exploitable, and disposable labor”. (McDonald 72) Slide  To make this point, McDonald draws on the work of Nandita Sharma who argues that o “Immigration polices in Canada tend to uphold a system of global apartheid”  What dopes she mean by Apartheid? o Separation of people Slide  Apartheid  South African apartheid: black and white population literally segregated to the benefit of the white population  Sharma‟s use of Apartheid refers not to the “physical exclusion of a group of people from a territorial space; rather, it means their inclusion…as “illegal” or “unlawful”. This categorization ensures the imposed state of exploitability through an erasure of legal personhood for a specified group of people/workers” (McDonald 68)  Illegalized migrants are included in the nation state, and once there, are often excluded from permanent residence, stable and safe work and essential services. Slide  What do we mean by Regularization? Slide  Regularization o “Programs that offer opportunities for people living with precarious immigration status in Canada [or other countries] to apply for permanent status”. Slide Example of regularization programs  Action Committee for Non-status Algerians (CADDA) o Algerians fleeting conflict in their country, mostly migrated to Quebec o Often denied refugee status o Algeria: moratorium country from 1997-2002 o 2002: Canada began deporting Algerians again o Non-status Algerians worked with allies to demand status o Canadian and Quebec governments introduced a regularization procedure for Algerian refugee claimants who had been living in Quebec o 900 regularized, over 150 people did not meet the Quebec residency had a criminal record or could not afford to pay the large application fee for the program Slide  What are limits to regularization? Slide  Semantics o “The term regularization…ha
More Less

Related notes for SOCB47H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit