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Lecture 11

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCB47H3
Professor
Francisco Villegas
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 11  1 essay (choice of 2)  6 short answer (choice of 8) Slide 2  Bad: imbalance of power, exploitation, devalue skills/work  Good: lower cheaper $, higher trade across countries, speed, quantity  Fair: for whom? Slide 3  Pros: globalization brings prosperity to all involved.  Cons: (e.g. organized labor and anti-globalization movement) argue that it has left to the impoverishment of working class people. Slide 4  However, Ng tells us that manufacturing still occurs in cities. One example is the garment industry. Slide 7  Large national retail chains (e.g. the Bay) &  Large transnational retail chains such as Wal-Mart  Manufacturers  ware houses, factories  Retail chains  other countries  Paid less, less benefits  can be moved Slide 8  Concentrates capital in a few companies  Retail chains: o Through technological innovations  centralized control over an industry which is becoming increasingly decentralized  Retails and manufactures cut down costs o Do not have to have large factories to upkeep o Do not have to pay storage or other overhead costs Slide 9  Employ subcontractors (called jobbers), “who may use home-based workers or sweatshop operations to minimize operating costs and maximize profit margins” p. 376 Slide 10  Profit is extracted at each level, increasing the exploitation of workers at the bottom.  Or, production is relocated completely to other countries. Slide 11  Workers who remain have seen a decline in real wages and deterioration of working conditions  Increase in sweatshops  Insolation from other works if doing home-based work  Difficult to regulate industry Slide 14  Agreements gets rid of or reduce tariffs and quotas to import garments.  In the case of NAFTA, many companies moved to Mexico where labor and production costs are cheaper.  “this has led directly to job loss, depression of Canadian wages, and the restructuring of garment manufacturing in the Canadian context”  in the Mexican context it has led to environmental degradation, loss of worker’s rides,
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