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SOCB47H3 (73)

city politics

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Douglas Portmore

Lecture 3 city politics September 24, 2012 The community power debate What is power?  My definition of power: having the ability and authority over someone to accomplish or attain your own political needs or serve your political agenda  Power is authority  Power is controlling  Power is used to make decision and change things  The ability stand and allocate resources  Financial manipulation such as having money and using that money as power to influence people  Authority to implement policy  Power to do nothing  control of the state  power of influence  can power be created? Who holds power?  The people  Media  Government  Religious group  Trade unions  In late 1920’s the representative (people) would have the power to elect people and they could throw the person out anytime Chicago school of sociology  Factory zone  Loop 1st nd  Zone in transition 2 rd  Zone of working men’shomes 3  Residential zone 4h th  Commuter zone 5 Elite theory- the power of elite  Max weber: Bureauratic autonomy  Elite theory  Roberto Micheal: the iron of law of oligarchy: as the society has been grown it’s really hard to make or find an elite. The elite would have their owns needs which needs to be served and they are not worried about others  The vertical nosiacs(1965): Community power structure  Hunter looked at the city of atlantic and called it regional cities  Elite theory: Hunter  A study of “regional city’ (really Atlanta, Gerogia  Reputational Method- Survey of influential people in  Business (after all the testing he came to a conclusion that business leader were the most powerful to run the city  Government  Civic associations  Society’ (the upper classes) ‘Elite theory: Hunter  40 people run ‘Regional city’ 39 in business  Elite  Civic associations  Business  Society  Political  Government  Ordinary people: Hunter came to a conclusion that the business people are ones running the city because people are the receivers and oberyers Elite Theory: Hunter Critique of reputational method:  Selection of elites was arbitrary  Focuses on perception, not how power is actually used  Neglect the different resources elite had available:  Political  Organizational  Fiscal Hunters’s debate provoked a lot of debates that who holds powers Who governs? Democracy and power in an American city (Robert Dahl, 1961) a professor at Yale University  Study of new haven, Connecticut  Method: ;decisional analysis’  Looked at specific pol1icy areas  Who particaed and who benefited The political stratum  A ‘political stratum’ exists, but it is not unified in its goal and its membership is a flexible and permeable to outside demands  Pluralism meaning there are many groups with different perspective  The political stratum is not autonomous it is constrained by potential opposition from segment of the a political stratum (mobilization of ‘slack resource’  The political stratum is divided into two categories such as apolitical and political Pluralism Finding: no single power elite, only shifting coalitions  Political Stratum: these people are interested in politics and are doing everything related to gover
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