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SOCB47 LEC 2 SEPT 18 2012.docx

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Francisco Villegas

SOCB47 LEC 2 SEPT 18 2012 Today : - Power - Inequality - Integrative racism  Power o What is power?  Ability to control people; economic religious militaristic  People with influence e.g. knowledge  High status  Charismatic  Self-control  Knowledge*; who makes the decision about knowing o Where does power operate?  Family  Work place  Academia  Political institutions  Academia o Is power an invisible force? Is the way it is organized natural?  Idea of social Darwinism  Power is not natural; we cannot understand it outside of the social relationship that it is embedded  We can’t understand power outside of our own situation  We cant assume that everyone is natural because there would be no recourse for resistance o Different theoretical approaches to power  Karl marx  Capitalism= economic system that involves 2 classes o Capitalists-own means of production o Working class- sell labour for wages  Relationship is exploitive  Power as a pyramid; top capitalists; bottom workers  Why would these unequal power relations continue? Why wouldn’t the masses seek equality? o Organization of consent  People learn to identify with the interest of the ruling class as their own; therefore those in power of do not have to exert physical force to have control if the masses believe that this is the best system for them  E.g. capitalism today  Theory as a grand narrative ; seek to explain everything o E.g. understand power relations through an analysis of class and exploitation  Can we have one theory explain everything in society? No  Theory #2: poststructuralists  Michel Foucault o Relationship between knowledge and power; intimately related  What we understand as knowledge is produced, not neutral or inherent  Power relations (who is in power, what ideas hold “true” in a society) affect the types of knowledges produced  Power works through normalization  What is normalization? o When something that is produced becomes natural  How does normalization work? o Power o Repetition o Regulation o Time it takes to normalize o Differentiates: normal vs deviant; creating a binary o Create hierarchies: normal is better than deviant o Encoura
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