SOCB47 LEC 2 SEPT 18 2012
- Integrative racism
o What is power?
Ability to control people; economic religious militaristic
People with influence e.g. knowledge
Knowledge*; who makes the decision about knowing
o Where does power operate?
o Is power an invisible force? Is the way it is organized natural?
Idea of social Darwinism
Power is not natural; we cannot understand it outside of the social relationship
that it is embedded
We can’t understand power outside of our own situation
We cant assume that everyone is natural because there would be no recourse
o Different theoretical approaches to power
Capitalism= economic system that involves 2 classes
o Capitalists-own means of production
o Working class- sell labour for wages
Relationship is exploitive
Power as a pyramid; top capitalists; bottom workers
Why would these unequal power relations continue? Why wouldn’t the
masses seek equality?
o Organization of consent
People learn to identify with the interest of the ruling
class as their own; therefore those in power of do not have to exert physical force to have control if the
masses believe that this is the best system for them
E.g. capitalism today
Theory as a grand narrative ; seek to explain everything
o E.g. understand power relations through an analysis of class and
Can we have one theory explain everything in society? No
Theory #2: poststructuralists
o Relationship between knowledge and power; intimately related
What we understand as knowledge is produced, not
neutral or inherent
Power relations (who is in power, what ideas hold
“true” in a society) affect the types of knowledges
Power works through normalization
What is normalization?
o When something that is produced
How does normalization work?
o Time it takes to normalize
o Differentiates: normal vs deviant;
creating a binary
o Create hierarchies: normal is better