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Lecture 4

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Francisco Villegas

th SOCB47- Lecture 4: Oct.9 /2012  Invisibilization of the operations experienced by racialized communities and the claims made to better the situation  Division of people living/working in Canada along the lines of citizenship  There is a hierarchy produced between citizens and non-citizens Approach - Problematization - Involves thinking about how ideas are framed - The assumptions inherent in the mobilization of those ideas that allow them to work - How those ideas structure the types of questions that can be asked - Multicultural - How has it been framed - What assumptions are inherent (invisibilized) that allow MC to operate? - How does our understanding Two (early) protagonists in Canadian national identity - What is a protagonist? o The main character in a plot o Used in literature - Who were the protagonists? - J.A Macdonald, French and British English and French speaking communities - 2 solitudes o Set in contradiction to each other through an ideological battle for power o Focus on the two solitudes left little attention to other inhabitants in Canada - However, non white ( French and Anglo Saxon) communities were present in Canada o What were some strategies used in the early 1900s in relation to these communities? (Think of continuous journey).  Restrict immigration  Restrict rights for the people who were already in Canada  Votes  Less pay  Did not hire people if they were going to be visible- not attract clients  Media representation o Criminalizing o Stereotypes about the racialized community  Gendered-inter marriage  White women should not marry Asian men because they show danger of violence  Property - In the mid 1900s the gov changed these strategies o Response to lessons learned after WW2 and the ways in which exclusion/discrimination can lead to extremist projects o Also response to civil rights movements - Removed explicit race-based exclusions from immigration policy - Granted more rights to non-white residents in Canada - However, o Bannerji tells us that this was not only a generous human rights strategy  Recognition of need for increased immigration in order to increase capitalist industrial growth o And, although these changes occurred, and race was removed from legal documents, color continued to be used in Canadian policy to refer to non-white others  How? Visible minorities  Aboriginal, women, people with disability, coloured people o Through the language of visible minorities o Let‘s think about these statements from Bannerji:  ―The Canadian state was careful not to directly use the notion of color in the way it designated the newcomers. But colour was translated into the language of visibility- pg545  Visible minorities [stresses] both the feature of being non0white and therefore visible in a way whites are not and being politically minor players—p545  Visible minority vs. Majority  Visible= non white  Minority- a way to describe unequal decision making power for non whites o Also if racialized communities are ―visible minorities‖ how does the law refer to the white stealer pop o Invisible? o Canadian Canadians? - In fact in 2007 the UN committee on the elimination of racial discrimination has stated that the term promotes racism because it privileges. Centre the implicit white majority Multiculturalism - Sharma tells us that we often think MC is uniquely - ........................ - E.g. we are all immigrants o What is the problem with using such a term?  First nations have been there for 1000s of years- not immigrant  Equality and choice and everyone chose to come to Canada 1. If we are all constituted as immigrants discrimination directed toward immigrants is invisiblized 2. Invisibilization of FM communities and colonialism of white settlers 3. Erases any distinction between colonizers and immigrants (invisibilizes the race-based nation-building project that led to Canada as we know it today) a. Identifies immigrants as colonizers - What Sharma is calling for is a more complex analysis of the terms we use: o Immigrants o Colonizers o First Nations - Under such simplistic statements- quote before- how would we account for transatlantic slavery? o JFK‘s assertion that they were ―immigrants from Africa‖  E.g. ―we are all colonizer‖ or ―all immigrants are colonizers‖ how would we account for the displacement of people abroad and their search for better conditions (for instance the colonization of South Asians under the British Empire?) - In relation to positing white settlers as immigrants----------------- - What is she telling us here? - If we work hard, we all get the same things Let‘s return to MC in Canada - Why was it institutionalized according to Bannerji? rd - Bannerji tells us that actual ―there were no strong MC demands on the part of the 3 world immigrants... The issues raised by them were
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