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Sociology of Family- Lecture 1- 14th January, 2013.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Benjamin Cheung

Sociology of Family SOCB49 Lecture 1 14 January, 2013 Family in Transition - Sociologist tend to emphasize the interplay between macro and micro structures Reading from Bonnie Fox - She discusses census of 2006; it is the first time in Canadas history that we included information about same sex marriages. 2006 census also captured several important patterns that have evolved over time and come to our attention. 1. The fact that census same couple relation increased fast time faster than heterosexual relations. 2. Same sex marriages also increased 5 times faster than heterosexual marriage. - This is because the same sex couples relation is not legal, and it encourages them to register their marriage. In addition same sex relations existed even before it was made legal, therefore the legislation only made it more public. - Based on these statistics, those individuals whose grandparents came to Canada 80 years ago. Their organization of family is very different compared to those who moved to Canada 30 years ago. This states that society has changed in Canada. The staging of Everyday Family Life - The routines that family engage in everyday life. Having dinner at a certain time, engaging in certain topic of conversation. Family as a Social Institution- Macro, Structural Changes - Overall Patterns – Macro structural factors, family dinner, you talk about work, locations, individual family members likes and dislikes, individual efforts to make it happen. This pretty much maps out the macro and micro factors. The macro function changes in terms of family association. - Macro factors include, work, the nature of work, economic development, recession, the lack of control that individuals have over employment, the prices and conditions in which one sells their labour. - Positive Effects- This shows that family life is not only affected byy local factors but also globalization, the movement of food, product and human beings. The positive affect of macro structural forces allows individual families to have a more diverse lifestyle, to maintain their own desirable lifestyle. However these macro structure also have negative effects. - Negative Effects- The recession in Europe affects the Canadian economy. Individuals who have to sell their labour at market price, and in undesirable terms (such as lay off or part time). These instability of paid employment make it quite challenging for individuals to organize their family life. The factors outside family affects factors inside family. - Deliberate, personal effort- In order to have a desired family like, individuals in the family have to have deliberate personal effort to be able to engage in activities such as family dinner, birthdays etc. It is not unsual for individuals living under the same roof not be able to see their family members for days. - Entering into uncharted territory- The micro factors will also see because of the uncertainties at the macro levels that individuals have to negotiate and renegotiate their family lives. They have to make decisions of what to do, who to do it, make decisions of who has to take out the garbage, who cleans the washroom etc. They also have to deal with the consequences of these decisions. What happens when we see more and more family living off two incomes, what happens when the wife has higher economic status than male husband of the family - On- going negotiation- much of th
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