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Lecture 10

Lecture 10: Family Dissolution

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Ping- Chun Hsiung

thSOCB49 Families in SocietyNovember 16 2010Lecture 10 Family Dissolution Last weeks movie the system the structural factors are not in place in such a way to protectwomenIt covered the legal system and the police force and women themselves In the lecture we specified a cycle three phasesAnd unfortunately physical abuse tends to repeat itselfIt takes great courage as well as determination for someone to get outIt take a community supportFriends relatives social services to help someone to leave and start a new lifePart of leaving an abusive relationships leads to a dissolution of a marriage or a committed common law relationshipWhat we are going to talk about today is divorce the trends of divorce in Canada and talk about historical developments of legislation in Canada and effects of divorce Both financial and emotional consequencesThe effects of divorce on adults as well as the effects on children What the adults could do to minimize the negative impact on children Statistical trends in CanadaIn terms of divorce in Canada every year 2000 70 thousand couples filed for divorce in Canada in the last decade This figure is lower then the peak of divorce in CanadaThe peak happened in 1987 In 1986 a law was passed that took out the fault aspect of divorceWithout having to prove if either or both parties have done something wrongWe call this NonFault divorce Immedietly after that law was in effect we saw a peak in divorceSince 1987 we see a decline from the peak however the figures remain stableIf we look at the crude divorce rate roughly around 222225 per hundred thousand people in the population Another statistic figures demonstrate the overall trend in Canada is the risk of divorce over yearsThis is calculated according to per thousand marriaged couples Statistic Canada show that before the first anniversary of marriage there was less the one divorce for every thousand marriage If you look beyond the first year before the second anniversary it increases to 43 per every thousand marriagesWe see a great increase in divorce in the next yearsWhat are the factors that lead to this increase Responsibilities comes with having a marriage and childrenDivorce rate we are likely to see that after the first few years then the divorce rate tends to declineThe divorce rate caught the percentage of marriage that remain togetherIn other words the divorce rate are used to capture the portion of marriage who either stay together for a certain number of yearsFor example the Canadaian statistic the proportional marriage to end a marrrage after 30 years is 40 In other words only about 60 of marriage will stay together for 30 years Age of divorce the average age of divorce was 43 for men and 405 for women Even though the divorce rate is high one positive note is that people get married again 76 of men and 64 of divorced women remarryWhen people separate they have children involvedSo child custody is a major issue when the parties decide to separate In the past child custody if its decided by the court usually is given to the mother But more and more we see that the court will grant jointcustody remain to have custody over their children even thought they decided to separateCanadian Attitudes toward DivorceOne of the two assigned readings covered attitudes towards divorce we could say that becase women have become fiaanaically independent that financial independence gives women greater
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