Class Notes (806,513)
Canada (492,267)
Sociology (2,411)
SOCB50H3 (120)
Lecture 6

Week 6 Lecture Notes.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Dwayne Pare

Week 6: Police & the Social Construction of Deviance & Normality (The case of Racial profiling and the Ku Klux Klan in the US & Canada) Critical Race Theory • White power and racial power are maintained over time, and that the LAW may play a role in this PROCESS. • Racism is embedded in the fabric and system of AMERICAN society. • Power structures are based on white privilege and white supremacy, which spreads the marginalisation of racial minorities. Racial Discrimination • Direct Discrimination (De Jure)  Racial discriminatory practices that have been preserved in LAW. • Direct Discrimination (De Facto)  The continuance of racial discriminatory practices even in the face of LAWS or POLICIES designed to eliminate racial discrimination. • Indirect Discrimination  Practices that are = in a formal sense, but racially discriminatory in practice. • Institutional Racism  Racist actions are built into the policy or mode of action of institutions regardless of the attitudes of those individuals who carry out the activities of the institution. • Contextual Discrimination  Racial discrimination is likely under certain specific conditions but not others. For example, in certain places and at certain times. Police and Racial Discrimination: Racial Profiling • 2002 Youth Crime Victimisation Survey – Julian Tanner and Scot Wortley • 3, 383 high Toronto high school students randomly surveyed between 1999 and 2000 • Questioned about how often they have been stopped and searched by the police in the last two years • Also questioned about delinquent activities in the last year • Multivariate Analysis – When examining the statistical relationship between an INDEPENDENT VARIABLE and a DEPENDENT VARIABLE, we CONTROL for other variables that might explain the relationship. .i.e. age, gender, subjective social class, living circumstances, everyday leisure activities . Here, BEHAVIOUR is statistically controlled for • After statically controlling for relevant variables and performing multivariate analysis…. • Black youth are 4.14 times more likely to be stopped by the police compared to white youth. • Black youth are 6.38 times more likely to be searched by the police compared to white youth • 49% of black youth who report no delinquent activity have been stopped and searched vs. only 17% of similar white youth • 83% of black youth who report the highest levels of delinquent activity have been stopped and searched vs. 82% of similar white youth • Social construction of skin colour as deviance. • Master Status  Everett Hughes. Primary identifying characteristic of an individual. • Auxiliary Status  Other statuses that becomes secondary to the master status determining trait. Ku Klux Klan: st 1 KKK th • Founded by six CONFEDERATE veterans on December 24 , 1865 during the RECONSTRUCTION of the South after the CIVIL WAR. • Wanted to control the dramatically changed social situation in the SOUTH and restore WHITE SUPREMACY. • Used public VIOLENCE against BLACK people as a form of intimidation. • Many states responded to the violence by passing ANTI-KKK LEGISLATION. • KU KLUX KLAN ACT OF 1871 Federal law enacted that was used to enforce civil rights provisions under the constitution. • 1870- federal court deems the KKK to be a TERRORIST ORGANISATION. • State and local authorities rarely acted against the clan • Black people were being denied seats on juries; white juries rarely convicted clansmen; either out of fear of retaliation, or support f
More Less

Related notes for SOCB50H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.