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Chapter 16: Religion [pgs. 485-490]  Religion helps us cope with the fact that we must die  Durkheim: highlighted the way religion contributes to social order o Collective effervescence: excites us by making us feel part of something larger  When ppl live together, they come to share common sentiments/values o Form a collective conscience o Causes us to distinguish everyday world (profane) from the religious world (sacred) o We distinguish certain objects symbolizing the sacred, called totems  Ex. Stanley cup o We invent public practices to connect w/ the sacred, called rituals  Ex. Hockey game  Effect of religion is to reinforce social solidarity Marx, Conflict, & Religion as a Prop for Inequality  Durkheim’s theory of religion is a functionalist account  Religion incites social conflict  Marx: religion diminishes class conflict→ “the opium of the people”  Civil religion: set of quasi religious beliefs and practices that binds the pop/ justifies way of life Weber, Social Change & Symbolic Interaction  Stressed the way religion can contribute to social change o Wrote the Protestant Ethic Five major religions  Prevalence ( how many adherents) -CIH o Christian o Islam o Hinduism o Buddhism o Judasim  Age -JH Robert Bellah: civil religion 1  A set of quasi-religious(religious-like) belief and practice that bind a population together and justify its way of life  Most Canadian today don’t think social hierarchy/inequality exist SocioNotes | Chapter 16  Eg: cnada is full of opportunity , and it’s meritocracy  But in reality, the inequality exist and we are overlookin it—this is the drawback of civil religion Durkheimfunctionalistm)  Religion is the source of social stability  Challenged by Marx : (conflict) o Brings about social inequality, even conflict Max weber(symbolic interactionalism)  Treat religion as the factor ( other than economics) for social change o Protestantism s  Thinks secularization theis s  Routiniztaion of charisma
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