CRIME AND DEVIANCE
Canadians believe that crime is on the rise particularly violent crimes.
Deviance is any behaviour that violates cultural and social norms.
There are consequences for violating a friendship norm but you are not going to jail
Deviance is violating a law that gets you in jail
There are two types of deviance: 1. Criminal Deviance and 2. Non-criminal deviance
Classification of Crime:
Juvenile Delinquency: Different laws than adults. The age and which people are charged are set
by federal law. Juvenile crime is treated with great concern. A great deal of time to rehabilitate
the person. Labelling somebody as a criminal during adolescence can have a powerful impact on
that person’s identity. There is a greater possibility that the juvenile will accept that label and
become a criminal. Young people are more likely to accept labelling.
Most juvenile offenders are male. Female juvenile offenders are more in to shoplifting.
Male offences range from stealing cars, drugs, assault, B and E (break and entering) it can even
go as far as homicide.
Marijuana was legal in the 19 century, morphine, and alcohol.
Many people say drugs, is a victimless crime.
He victim-less crime operates in this way “I want drugs, and someone gives the drugs.”
If you make drugs legal, organized crime would disappear.
Prostitution operates the same way where as police women pose as a hooker and wait for a
“john”, and when money is exchanged, cops rush in
White Collar crime: illegal acts committed by people with high social status in the course of their
It is a middle-class crime that is different from street crime. The higher classes also committed
crimes. White collar crimes cost society much more than common crimes. The amount stolen by
white collar crimes is 40 times more than is stolen in common crimes.
White collar crimes focus is educational.
Stealing somebody’s song, price fixing (companies collude on what prices they will charge for
one product), all are white collar crimes.
Industrial spying where people would put a “mole” where one spies on research and
Insider trading is when you make use of knowledge to profit of the stock market. Some people
get caught but it is hard to catch people
Forgery, fraud, having a unsafe work place, selling unsafe products, and pollution are all white
The criminal justice system tends to treat white collar crimes more leniently than street crimes.
White collar crimes don’t cause violence but they cause other harms
A stockbroker was trading illegal in Swiss banks. He received a suspended sentence and a 30 000
Same crime where a person stole a television, the judge gave him a year in jail.
Ken Lei and Enron engages in fraud and price fixing. Jeffrey skilling from Enron was convicted for
price fixing and they gave him 20 yrs
Martha Stewart was investigated for insider trading. She did not tell the truth in front of a jury,
and she was thrown in jail.
Conrad Black head of Argus corporation who is in prison Burney Madoff: stole 50 billion from thousands of people who invested their life savings into his
mutual fund. It was a ponzi scheme (pyramid scheme) operates in this way, You invest in this
mutual fund, and Burnrey pays off 10% interest. He pays you off with the money he receives
from other people.
Organized Crime: typically has an association with specific ethnic groups. It as an equal
opportunity venture. All ethnic groups have tool organized crime in some way or another
In the 1930’s irish ethnic organized crimes. Particularly on docking on the waterfront.
The irish control the waterfront and the Italian waterfront and cicillian look at this territory and
wanted to have that. Eventually the Irish lost and the Italian took over
Myer Lansky was an expert on money longer- ring you conceal the money and invest it in a
business which is a “front” operation. You can send it overseas and put it in a Swiss bank
Laundering money calls for high financial skills. Lansky laundered money for Al Capone.
Russian organized crime is very sophisticated.
Japan has organized crime. The only people who drive black Cadillac are in the organized crime
Chinese Triads crimes, got going 300 years ago.
Vietnamese, and Jamaican organized crime,
Columbian cocaine crimes (drug cartels)Paiblo eskabar is a billionaire in Columbia.
Organized crime in India and Afghanistan. Heroin, popies, and morphine.
Morphine is the best painkiller ever invented
The most powerful and ruthless of organized crime groups are outlaw bikers. These guys are
Caucasian. The top gang are the Hell’s angels.
Rock Machine ended 7-8yrs ago. They were enemies of Hell’s angels
Satan’s choice, Losprados, The chosen few, grim reapers, Vagabonds (outcasts)
Italian organized crime had been virtually been destroyed by good law practices. Omerta (never
squeals) Italian proverb. The Flee bargain is where people say they got the evidence, say the
evidence, and ask the guy if they testify against those people in court, they will give them a
Sammy (the bull) Grabano had 25 hits and the FBI had evidence on 5 of them. They said if he
testifies against his boss tuff lan tom, they would give him 6 months.
Sammy (the bull) went to Arizona and took part in the ecstasy trade and is now locked up for 25
Organized Crime and Organization
Crime that is highly organized. There is a difference between the business and Criminal
Corporation. One is committed to legal profit and the other is committed to illegal profit.
When you can get it out of the way, they both are actually very similar
Both rely on organization, bureaucracy.
The ends may differ. The goals may differ but the means of how you get to the goal are very
similar. E.g. all bureaucracies have CHAIN OF COMMAND (when you issue commands at the top
they go all the way down to the bottom of the organization)
The people at the bottom are called foot soldiers
It is difficult to catch the top guy in organized crime
There are specialists in organized crime.
Some of the specialities are debt collection. E.g. a baseball bat. You don’t want to kill someone
who owes you money, so you just break a knee cap There are hit man who specialize in killing. They are almost impossible to catch because there is
no motive for that killing other than 25000.
There are money launderers(where people hide money without people noticing)
Panamanian banks used to take narco money and deposit it in their system.
Some of them specialize in drugs.
A mule is someone who carry cocaine in their car
Some of them specialize in prostitution. Primary rule is silence (omerta) don’t squeal under any
Promotion is based on merit. Both legitimate and illegitimate in the corporation.
There are rules and policies that must be followed, loyalty rules, never rat out organization, if
you do you are dead
The police propose the plea bargain where they find someone in an organize crime, go to them
and tell them to testify against the top people in the organization. It has worked effectively in
WHO ARE THE CLIENTS OF ORGANIZED CRIME?
You and me, “respectable” citizens keep organized crime in business. They provide illegal and
There is a demand out there for strippers. Outlaw bikers provide many of the stripper joints with
people who would do the dance
The demand for prostitutes is also in demand in that area as well
Organized crime connects to the legitimate world through raft and corruption
Crime like this exists on a large scale with people being paid off e.g. paying off the police, judges,
Several major trials have failed because jurors have been corrupted
They also had journalists where they wrote favourable articles of Al Capone.
Paublo Eskabar spent millions of dollars of corruption in Columbia
The income of organized crime Loan sharkingpeople who loan money are like sharks.
Organized crime make 0.2% from Loan sharking, If you need money and your credit rating is
terrible, no credit union would lend you money, or friends etc. The one catch of lending money,
is the interest on the loan would be 10% a day.
Prostitution 2.4% of organized crime’s income
The demand for prostitution never stops. There is always the possibility of making a lot of
Porno 4.4% of organized crime’s income. Before the internet came along, Bob ray was the
premier of Ontario,
Gambling makes 2.5% of their organized crime income. Their used to be gold in gambling but
the government saw the light and wondered why organized crime should get all of that money.
There are lotteries, gambling casinos,
Aboriginal reserves are separate legal entities. They sell cigarettes, and there are no tax on the
Chump change 87.8% of all the revenues collected by organized crime come from DRUGS!!!!