Class Notes (838,386)
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Sociology (2,430)
SOCB51H3 (51)
Joe Hermer (44)
Lecture

SOCB51 Lecture Notes.doc

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCB51H3
Professor
Joe Hermer
Semester
Winter

Description
SOCB51 – Lecture 3 th 24 Jan, 2012 Reviews on Last class documentary - Does are equal money? Is it valuable enough to buy? - The movie turned into a critique about how art becomes money - Many of Banksy’s Art work sells for 100s of thousands of dollars - Mr.Brainwash had no experience in Art and became an artist and sold many of his work for a large substantial amount of money - What is Art? - The expression or application of creative skill and imagination, typically in a visual for such as painting , drawing, or sculpture, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty Norms - A norm is a behaviors, attribute, idea or feeling that is widely viewed as being acceptable ( and often desirable) at a particular time and place - “feeling norms’ have taken on a particular importance in our present - A norm has 3 aspects o an internal o an external o specialized Georgia O’Keeffe (1921) has produces some of the most stunning art work…she has a lot of vagina artwork pictures. She was really an extraordinary artists she was a forerunner in many ways…she produced feminist art. Public art is constantly contested. It is contested into the way in people are normalized to see things. Many areas spend over a million dollars on graffiti ratification Graffiti artists belive that their work will connect them with the people Graffiti is bother an esthetic practice and a criminal activity Graffiti management plan……..in Canada it’s a municipal defense An art mural has been deliberately implemented and is supposed to beautify a location. It is a form of graffiti Millions of dollars are spent on graffiti and it doesn’t go away. It doesn’t work it spans more graffiti An affective practice that “does things to the writers bodies ( and the bodies of the onlookers) as to…the surface of the urban world Graffiti as image connects bodies This is counter to the stereotype of graffiti being destructive “pride , pleasure, and the enjoyment derived from sharing of an activity with friends as well as the recognition from the writing community.” Augusto Pinochet SOCB51 Lecture 4 st 31 Jan 2012 Norms - Norms exist in social relations - Norms are relative, contextual and contingent and exist in social relations - A norm is a behavior, attribute, idea or feeling that is widely viewed as being acceptable (and often desirable) at a particular time and place. - The norm of being civilized and polite exists when waiting for the bus - Internalized norms are extremely mundane and we do it without even knowing it - Civic and attention is a polite way to ignore people - Norms are internalize, externalized and specialized - Internal norms are extremely powerful and we don’t notice them - Spacialized norms are rules and regulations that we must follow How shall we govern the poor? - Vagrancy law was established in - Vagrancy law is not called criminal law for the Repression of Vagrancy 1. Wandering scholars seeking alms 2. Shipwrecked seamen 3. 4. 5. 6. Jugglers, tinkers, pedlars and petty chapman 7. Able bodied wandering persons and laborers without means refusing to work fr current rates of wages 8. Discharged prisoners 9. Wanders pretending losses by fire 10. Egyptians or gypsies Vagrancy - Historically vagrancy offences have been “crimes of character” or status offences: - Not what you did but who you are - Targeted “suspected persons” “sus” offence - Canada had vagrancy offences against “lose, idle and disorderly” in the first criminal code in 1892 repealed in 1972. - They branded vagrants with a V to the forehead or by whipping Begging Why is begging so controversial and such a target of such intense regulation – important question - Criminal use begging as a way of getting what they need - The majority of people that beg are homeless or poorly housed - The majority of money was spent on food - Begging is survival activity for people who are poor - There is no such thing as a free gift it’s a reciprocity norm.. - Marcel Mauss “the gift” (1924) - Central contradiction: gifts are supposed to be personal, generous and disinterested - Begging can be understood as a “gift crime” - Offends the norm of reciprocity - Is a gift between strangers - Is a gift of money - Is a gift that is asked for - Begging is regulated as a “gift crime” Ontario Safe Streets Act 1999 - First modern provincial law to regulate begging - A modern “vagrancy law”? - Underpinned by “broken windows” - View of disorder Safe Streets Act - Solicit - “means to request , in person, the immediate provision of money or another thing of value, regardless of whether consideration is offered or provided in return , using the spoken, written or printed word, a gesture of other means” - ---Safe Streets Act 3(2) SOCB51 Lec 5 7 Feb 2012 - Soliciting is a .......... it is not an offence. Safe Streets Act - This definition of solicit is used in several offence sections - “solicitation of captive audience” - “Solicitation in an aggressive manner” - Solicitation of a captive audience - 2(a) solicit a person who is using, waiting to use, or departing from an ATM - A taxi stand, transit stop, pay telephone, getting in or leaving a car - Solicitation in an aggressive manner - Proceeding behind, alongside or ahead of the person solicited during the solicitation, or after the person solicited responds or fails to respond to the solicitation 3(4) 2005 SSA Revisions - Permitted fund-raising by charities does not apply to fund-raising activities that meet the following conditions - 1. They are conducted by a charitable organization registered under the income tax act canasda on a roadway where the minimum………………… - Diverted giving programs - Instead of giving the homeless money you give money toward food and homeless shelter or local charities (city of Peterborough created care meters) - Informal “gift crimes” ……………… - Medicalization involves the extension of medical jurisdiction or the expansion of medical boundaries - In particular the study of medicalization involved how social problem and issues get defined as medical problems - There was a successful medicalization of male performance (Viagra) - Female Viagra? It is controversial issue. Women may not need it. - Homosexuality was seen as a mental illness up until 1972. - Post-traumatic stress disorder…after world war one 306 men were shot because they were shell-shocked for cowardice or desertion. - Medicalization can occur culturally.. - Medicalization is not either/or phenomenon but should more accurately be conceptualized in terms of degrees - An issue can be medicalized at a distance from scientific support (Sensi..soap) - Medicalization is an indicator of wider cultural shifts: self-responsibilization, self-help social movements, the perception of authority - Medicalization is not good or bad it’s a social process, in some cases it is progressive. It can change how we think and conduct ourselves. - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual – DSM IV - Official guide of Psychiatric Disorders - DSM 1 -1952 - DSM II – 1968 - DSM III – 1980 - DSM IV – 1994 DSM 5 – The future of Psychiatric Diagnosis ….2013 Sex addiction (DSMIV) “Hypersexual Disorder” (DSMV) - How do you draw the boundary between healthy sexual appetite and addiction? Being Sane in Insane Places (1973) If sanity and insanity exists, how shall we know them? Do the salient characteristics that lead to a diagnosis reside in the patients themselves or in their environment? Gain can be made by getting normal people admitted into psychiatric hospitals and then see if they were to determine to be “normal” and how this happened. This experiment 8 sane people admitted to 12 psychiatric hospitals After calling for an appointment, pseudo patients arrived at hospital Gave fake name, complaining that he has been hearing voices, voices were unclear. The pseudo patients talked about their life exactly as it occurred- relationships with parents……….. Medication was not swallowed simply acted normal and did what he was supposed to do on the ward (2100 pills were given) Except for one each one was discharged with a diagnosis of schizophrenia in remission One labeled schizophrenic they were stuck with the label There stays lasted 7 to 52 days with an average stay of 19 days The other patience at the hospital realized that they were sane and that they should be here A second experiment to see if diagnosis the sane to be inade could be reversed SOCB51 Lec 6 28 Feb, 2012 - Medicalization is not an either/or phenomenon, but should more accurately be conceptualized in terms of degrees - An issue can be medicalized at a distance from scientific support - Medicalization is an indicator of wide
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