Class Notes (806,637)
Canada (492,371)
Sociology (2,411)
SOCB53H3 (17)

Lecture 2: The Concept of Race, and Racism.

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Vanina Sztainbok

SOCB53 – Lecture 2 (Jan. 15) Concept of race:  Has been linked to: o Blood ties, lineage, nation  An older notion of race o Identity, culture, geographic location o Biological difference  In this course: o Premise that race is socially constructed o Product of knowledge and power o Focusing on the “modern” idea of race Origins of the modern idea of race  Cornel West o The initial basis for the idea of white supremacy is to be found in the classificatory categories and the descriptive, representational, order-imposing aims of natural history. The captivity of natural history to what I have called the first stage. o The recovery of classical antiquity in the modern West produced what I shall call a “normative gaze”, namely an ideal from which to order and compare observations. This ideal was drawn primarily form classical aesthetic values of beauty, proportion, and human form and classical cultural standards of modernization.  Aka, ideal was European/white. Key Thinkers  Physicist o Francois Bernier  Naturalists o Carolus o Carl Linnaeus  Into the classification of the natural world, specifically plants.  Identified plants that looked similar together.  Divided humans into different races based on appearance  European: “covered with close vestments, governed by customs”  Assumed that they were more civilized.  African: “Crafty, indolent. Negligent. Anoints himself with grease. Governed by caprice.” o Johann Friedrich Blumenbach  Divided humanity into 5 races:  Caucasian  Malayan  Ethiopian  American  Mongolian  Had more to do with nations, but still problematic. Because they were not scientifically sound and he classified some races as being superior over others. Looked at skulls, and measured them. Thomas Jefferson on intellectual faculties of black people  “comparing them by their faculties of memory, reason, an dimagination, it appears to me , that in memory they are equal to the whites; in reason much inferior… and that in imagination they are dull, tasteless and anomalous” Difference between race and ethnicity  Race linked to biology, body-type, what people actually look like.  Ethnicity linked to culture, kinship  Anthias and Yuval Davis: not so clear of a distinction o Speak of how racialized and ethnic boundaries are constructed o Both are connected to belonging. o Depends on the history and the context that we are talking about. How is ethnicity mobilized?  “ethnicity at its most general level involves belonging to a particular group and sharing its conditions of existence. This will include not only being regarded as having the right credentials for membership but also being able to muster ethnic resources which can be used for struggle, negotiation ad the pursuit of political projects, both at the level of individuals making their way but also for the group as a whole in relation to other groups. Ethnic resources can be economic, territorial, cultural and linguistic, amongst others”  in this sense ethnicity relates to nationality o example:  France declaring things non-French and therefore
More Less

Related notes for SOCB53H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.