SOCB53 – Lecture 11 (Mar. 26)
Update on Head-Tax Restitution:
2006, Harper’s government made an official apology and gave
$20,000 Chinese-Canadians who had paid the head tax or
their surviving spouse.
This March: the B.C. legislature postponed a vote to officially
apologize to Chinese Canadians
Everyday Racism – Philomena Essed
“Everyday racism has been defined as a process in which
socialized racist notions are integrated into everyday practices
and thereby actualize and reinforce underlying racial and
ethnic relations. Furthermore racist practices in themselves
become familiar, repetitive, and part of the “normal” routine
in everyday life.”
She was trying to think about the subjective part of racism.
Peoples feelings, etc.
How individual acts are connected to large structures,
Difficult to study and prove. Do a qualitative study. Saw
commonalities between the stories of different peoples. Or it
keeps happening to the same person.
o Reflected in different types of experiences
o Permeates everyday situations
At work, school, stores, etc.
Cognitive: How they feel about it, why they feel
that way etc.
Underestimation: people assuming that you are
Vicarious: It might not be directed at you, but you
still feel it.
From reading: Blaming people of colour for
their own stupidity.
From reading: When the woman pointed out
that something was racist, it was redirected
at her for being the one finding issues in
o Involves repetitive practices
Repetition: a similar scenario recurs across and
within autobiographical narratives. Racist because it resonates with something in the
o Involves heterogeneous experiences
o Involves specifications of general processes of racism
Linked to general processes of racism (structures, ideologies,
o Supported by ideological and structural factors.
Interactions support the existing racial hierarchy.
o “For pr