Sociology of Work & Industry IILecture 1
The relationship between people and their jobs
What happens if you end up working where you don’t like, what are the
consequences, effects and outcomes.
MOST visible sign of job content
Don’t buy a car on Monday since people are recovering from a hangover, cuz of a
reaction to boring jobs
The subjective meanings of work, what are the sources of job
Why are women are more satisfied with work than men, despite the fact that they
are paid a lower amount
Much more understanding of modern industry and modern work derives not from
any kind of recognized from academic discipline like socio or psychology but they
happen to be theories of mgt. All theories of mgt has the same goal or purpose which
is concerned with people that they hire. This is because employees who are
motivate or cooperative are more efficient and their work is more profitable. Where
are managerial theories kick off
The most important and managerial perspectives of 19 century,
The organization of management of work
Do managers (and owners) and employees share the same goals and interests?
How does management secure the support in workforce?
In any workplace that we have all been in, has an occupational group which is called,
We take is for granted but this is the group that has always been around, such isn’t
the case. Industrialization and the factory system was in place in Canada usa and
Europe long before the emergence of managers as an occupation.
Management only developed in the later of the 19 century and the first few
decades of 20 century so no more than 120 years old. So before them were
factories, people who worked in it and ones who owned it.
Much of the way that factory was organized , unskilled labour
This was the factory that was in place until the later part of the century First factories were small enterprises; mite of has machinery but nothing really big
or sophisticated. But as the industrial revolution occurred more machinery replaced
the workers. This factor ended the old factories
Second factor, the factories became larger and larger. Henry Ford had 10 000
employees, huge numbers of workers. Production became increasingly based on
machinery and assembly line. No more work for unskilled worker.
Who were the first managers?
The people who became the first managers were industrial engineers who came to
field that maximum ability would only be achieved only when they had direct
control over production. To maximize results, give them power and control and the
industry will be more efficient and profitable.
Idea for the industrial revolution represented Fredrick Taylor who was always
associated with the scientific management, a book by him published in 1911. He felt
that the American industry was badly organized and hence didn’t make much profit.
The reason he identified that ind has too much discretion in terms of how they were
organized. Employees had too much control over the jobs that they did. The real
problem with them was that they were