SOCC30H3 Lecture Notes - Tim Hortons

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Published on 6 Oct 2012
School
UTSC
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCC30H3
Professor
Page:
of 2
SOCC30
Criminal Behaviour
Lecture 1
13th September, 2012
Professor: Julian Tanner
Office: MW 314
Tuesday- 3-4 or Thursday 2-3
What is Crime? What is Deviance?
- Crime and deviance can be viewed as a rule of norm violating a behaviour
- It can be understand by the reaction of the violation
- It is a social judgement or label
- Crime and deviance is a kind of behaviour, there is a wide range of behaviour that constitute
criminal activity
- People who engage in crime and deviance are engaging in the breakage of a rule or norm
behaviour
Norms
- Norms are prescriptions for appropriate behaviour
- They are the do’s and don’ts of society
- Guidelines to appropriate behaviour
- Some norms apply to everybody in society, it is more universal. Ex. When going to Tim Horton’s
in the morning you wouldn’t cut in line because the norm is to join the back of the line
- Other norms however apply to those in specific categories: age, religion, gender
- Ex. Drinking alcohol is a normal behaviour for adults. However there are rules that adolescence
cannot drink alcohol until they are 18, 19 or 21.
- Ex. In the United states there are certain rules that children under 16 aren’t allowed to be in the
streets at night.
- If you were to break these rules, these behaviour are seen as deviant
- However norm changes with time, For example back in the 1900’s women were not allowed to
go into a bar unless they were accompanied by a man
Seriousness
- In terms of the violation of norms we can understand it in three levels of seriousness
1. Severity of Sanction: The kind of punishment that is meted out for different crime. The most
severe punishment is the death sentence. Capital punishment is the most severe
punishment therefore the most severe crimes would require this punishment. However for
the most part we don’t have this sentence anymore. It is only used in China and the United
States. In Canada however we use life in prison. Less severe crimes require smaller prison
sentencing, like theft.
For smaller things like talking in the movie theatre and cutting in line, there are no criminal
punishment. However other people around may act out upon this behaviour by telling the
person to be quiet, or telling them that they cut in line.
2. Degree of Harm: Depending on the severity of the harm, that is how the criminal would be
punished. Homicide is considered to be more harmful than theft or smoking marijuana.
There are different degrees of harm, therefore different punishments for the crime.
3. Degree of Agreement: Majority of people agree on these rules and norms. Practically
everyone agrees that no one should deliberately kill another person. However not everyone
agrees on that smoking marijuana should be illegal

Document Summary

Crime and deviance can be viewed as a rule of norm violating a behaviour. Crime and deviance is a kind of behaviour, there is a wide range of behaviour that constitute. It can be understand by the reaction of the violation. It is a social judgement or label criminal activity. People who engage in crime and deviance are engaging in the breakage of a rule or norm behaviour. They are the do"s and don"ts of society. Some norms apply to everybody in society, it is more universal. When going to tim horton"s in the morning you wouldn"t cut in line because the norm is to join the back of the line. Other norms however apply to those in specific categories: age, religion, gender. Drinking alcohol is a normal behaviour for adults. However there are rules that adolescence cannot drink alcohol until they are 18, 19 or 21.