1. High stress and the inability to cope with it.(stress leads to high blood pressure, cancer,
substance abuse etc….people in higher class stricter are often able to turn stress off)
2. Differences in the earliest stages of development that have lifelong consequences (Mothers who
have low income or little education are more likely to provide such unfavourable starts to life.
3. Lack of knowledge (Less educated people have less knowledge about healthy lifestyles .. eg.
Nutritious diet. This makes them more propense to illness. Illness makes it more difficult for
poor people to escape poverty.)
4. Unequal access to health resources (poor Canadians live in areas that have inferior medical
services.. fewer nurses, physicians, and hospitals per capita.)
5. Environmental exposure (poor people are more likely to be exposed to environmental risks….
Dumpsites, factories, oil refineries, mines)
Racial Inequalities in Health Care
Non Aboriginal Canadians have a 7-8 year longer lifespan than Indians and drug use is high among
Social exclusion influences health > labour market segregation, high unemployment, low occupation
status, substandard housing, dangerous or distressed neighbourhoods, homelessness, dangerous
worksites, extended hours, multiple jobs, and experience with everyday forms of racism.
Gender inequalities in Health Care: The feminist Contribution
Feminists scholars have brought health inequalities based on gender >
Gender bias exists in medical research (public health systems issue men’s health issues more than
women, therefore more research focused on men’s diseases(cardiac arrest), than women’s
Gender bias also exists in medical treatment (women undergro fewer kidney transplants, cardiac
Women live longer than men do and therofre experience greater lifetime risk of functional disability and
chronic illnesss, and greater need for long term care. The low status of woman in less developed
countries results in their nutrition being deprived and having less access to medical care than do men.
Women therefore suffer high rates of mortality and morbidity.
Morbidity refers to acute and chronic illness.
Canadian women face a higher risk than men do of poverty after divorce and of widowhood
Comparative Health Care from Conflict and Functionalist Perspectives.