Week 3 Lecture

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26 May 2011
Week 3 Lecture
David Sadker, Part 1 – Briefing on STEM Education:
Today, half of students in graduate school are female
oIs this a problem? Yes
There has been progress over the years
Males perform worse than females on tests
Attention to genderfemales have become majority
Women who have a college degree earn slightly more than men with high school degree, whereas
women from highly selective colleges earn the same as men – big economic gap
Males are gendered, males are stereotyped earlier and more harshly
Males attend fewer classes, take fewer notes in class, study less, play more, low effort/grades
We need to separate boys and girls in schools
Main points of the book:
Gendered curriculum, gendered research
When they first started their research, they did observations in hundreds of classrooms and watched
gender dynamics in classrooms
What they found in elementary and middle schools are that boys are controlling the classrooms,
asking and answering more questions, getting more attention from the teachers, boys will call out
answers while girls dont
Girls will get better grades and get punished less, but dont get instructional lessons
Boys will blurt out an answer even though its not true/right, whereas girls will pause and think about
the answer
Boys are much likely to raise their hands up high, whereas girls raise their hands half way and pause
and think
Teachers are more likely to call on boys in general
Girls are more attentive whereas boys are more aggressive and waiting to be called on
They also found there are differences by race
Order: white males, visible minority males, white females, then visible minority females
Four different types of responses:
oTeachers can give praise – good job, excellent work, nice try
oCan give actual help – you better check on that answer, remember that you need to divide
here, think about this before you turn it in
oCan give criticismthis is wrong, this is a terrible job
oCan give passive acceptanceokay, thats fine
Teachers give compliments 10% of time, 5% criticism, 1/3 remediation, 50% okay
Big gender differences: boys get more teachers attention, boys are more likely to be praised,
emphasized, and corrected and get passive (okay) acknowledgement
Girls are more likely to get thats okay” or thats fine or the nod
Boys getting more attention and certain kinds of attention
Teachers are more likely to help the boys learn how to use the VCR or DVD player, whereas for girls,
they do it for them (not having the opportunity to learn)
Generally, teachers only wait one second before they answer it themselves or turn to another person
Teachers will give boys twice the amount of time to respond than girls
Accumulation has a big effect
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